Effect of a hospital-associated urinary tract infection reduction policy on general surgery patients

Sheena K. Harris, Erica Mitchell, Michael R. Lasarev, Fouad Attia, John Hunter, Brett Sheppard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Hospital-associated UTI rates in surgery patients have not improved despite recommendations for reducing indwelling catheter days. Methods: We performed a retrospective review of institutional NSQIP general surgery patient data, 2006-2015. During this time, a UTI-reduction policy was implemented. Demographics, HA-UTI incidence, CA-UTI incidence, indwelling catheter days, straight catheterization rates, and mortality were examined. Results: Females had significantly higher risk of HA-UTI. There was no significant change in HA-UTI (X12 = 0.02, p = .878) or indwelling catheter days (5.18 ± 1.12 days v 3.73 ± 0.39 days, p = .23). Straight catheterizations among those with HA-UTI increased (0.04 ± 0.04 v 0.32 ± 0.12, p = .029). There was no change in CA-UTI (1.38 v 1.11 CAUTI/1000 patient hospital-days P = .555) or in initial indwelling catheter days of patients with CA-UTI (7.2 SD 8.89 v 47.0 SD 7.04 days P = .961) after policy implementation. Conclusions: The reduction policy increased the number of straight catheterizations for patients developing HA-UTI, but did not reduce the number of initial indwelling catheter days, HA-UTI rates, or CA-UTI rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2017

Fingerprint

Indwelling Catheters
Urinary Tract Infections
Catheterization
Incidence
Demography
Mortality

Keywords

  • Foley catheter
  • General surgery
  • Hospital-acquired UTI
  • NSQIP
  • Urinary tract infection (UTI)
  • UTI prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Effect of a hospital-associated urinary tract infection reduction policy on general surgery patients. / Harris, Sheena K.; Mitchell, Erica; Lasarev, Michael R.; Attia, Fouad; Hunter, John; Sheppard, Brett.

In: American Journal of Surgery, 01.01.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background: Hospital-associated UTI rates in surgery patients have not improved despite recommendations for reducing indwelling catheter days. Methods: We performed a retrospective review of institutional NSQIP general surgery patient data, 2006-2015. During this time, a UTI-reduction policy was implemented. Demographics, HA-UTI incidence, CA-UTI incidence, indwelling catheter days, straight catheterization rates, and mortality were examined. Results: Females had significantly higher risk of HA-UTI. There was no significant change in HA-UTI (X12 = 0.02, p = .878) or indwelling catheter days (5.18 ± 1.12 days v 3.73 ± 0.39 days, p = .23). Straight catheterizations among those with HA-UTI increased (0.04 ± 0.04 v 0.32 ± 0.12, p = .029). There was no change in CA-UTI (1.38 v 1.11 CAUTI/1000 patient hospital-days P = .555) or in initial indwelling catheter days of patients with CA-UTI (7.2 SD 8.89 v 47.0 SD 7.04 days P = .961) after policy implementation. Conclusions: The reduction policy increased the number of straight catheterizations for patients developing HA-UTI, but did not reduce the number of initial indwelling catheter days, HA-UTI rates, or CA-UTI rates.",
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AU - Sheppard, Brett

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