Duration of slip-resistant shoe usage and the rate of slipping in limited-service restaurants: results from a prospective and crossover study

Santosh K. Verma, Zhe Zhao, Theodore K. Courtney, Wen Ruey Chang, David A. Lombardi, Yueng Hsiang Huang, Melanye J. Brennan, Melissa J. Perry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Several studies have indicated that slip-resistant shoes may have a positive effect on reducing the risk of slips and falls, a leading cause of injury at work. Few studies, however, have examined how duration of shoe usage affects their slip-resistance properties. This study examined the association between the duration of slip-resistant shoes usage and the self-reported rate of slipping in limited-service restaurant workers. A total of 475 workers from 36 limited-service restaurants in the USA were recruited to participate in a 12-week prospective study of workplace slipping. Of the 475 participants, 83 reported changing to a new pair of shoes at least once during the 12-week follow-up. The results show that slip-resistant shoes worn for less than six months were moderately more effective than those worn for more than six months. Changing to a new pair of shoes among those wearing slip-resistant shoes at baseline was associated with a 55% reduction in the rate of slipping (RR = 0.45, 95% CI = 0.23–0.89). Further research is needed to develop criteria for the replacement of slip-resistant shoes.

Practitioner Summary: The duration of usage impacts the slip-resistance properties of slip-resistant shoes. Slip-resistant shoes worn for less than six months were moderately more effective in reducing slips than slip-resistant shoes worn for more than six months. Shoe use policies should not only encourage or require their use but also include guidance on replacing slip-resistant shoes at regular intervals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1919-1926
Number of pages8
JournalErgonomics
Volume57
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2 2014

Keywords

  • falls
  • injury
  • personal protective equipment
  • restaurants
  • safety
  • shoe usage
  • shoe wear
  • slip-resistant shoes
  • slips

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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