Do increases in patient activation result in improved self-management behaviors?

Judith H. Hibbard, Eldon R. Mahoney, Ronald Stock, Martin Tusler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

431 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. The purpose of this study is to determine whether patient activation is a changing or changeable characteristic and to assess whether changes in activation also are accompanied by changes in health behavior. Study Methods. To obtain variability in activation and self-management behavior, a controlled trial with chronic disease patients randomized into either intervention or control conditions was employed. In addition, changes in activation that occurred in the total sample were also examined for the study period. Using Mplus growth models, activation latent growth classes were identified and used in the analysis to predict changes in health behaviors and health outcomes. Data Sources. Survey data from the 479 participants were collected at baseline, 6 weeks, and 6 months. Principal Findings. Positive change in activation is related to positive change in a variety of self-management behaviors. This is true even when the behavior in question is not being performed at baseline. When the behavior is already being performed at baseline, an increase in activation is related to maintaining a relatively high level of the behavior over time. The impact of the intervention, however, was less clear, as the increase in activation in the intervention group was matched by nearly equal increases in the control group. Conclusions. Results suggest that if activation is increased, a variety of improved behaviors will follow. The question still remains, however, as to what interventions will improve activation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1443-1463
Number of pages21
JournalHealth Services Research
Volume42
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Patient Participation
Self Care
activation
management
Health Behavior
health behavior
Information Storage and Retrieval
Growth
Chronic Disease
Research Design
Control Groups
Health
Group
Disease

Keywords

  • Health coaching
  • Patient activation
  • Patient engagement
  • Patient participation
  • Self-care methods
  • Self-care statistics and numerical data
  • Self-care trends

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Health(social science)
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Health Policy

Cite this

Do increases in patient activation result in improved self-management behaviors? / Hibbard, Judith H.; Mahoney, Eldon R.; Stock, Ronald; Tusler, Martin.

In: Health Services Research, Vol. 42, No. 4, 08.2007, p. 1443-1463.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hibbard, Judith H. ; Mahoney, Eldon R. ; Stock, Ronald ; Tusler, Martin. / Do increases in patient activation result in improved self-management behaviors?. In: Health Services Research. 2007 ; Vol. 42, No. 4. pp. 1443-1463.
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