DNA sequences required for expression of the LHβ promoter in primary cultures of rat pituitary cells

Kyoon E. Kim, Kathleen H. Day, Paul Howard, Stephen R.J. Salton, James L. Roberts, Richard A. Maurer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

To begin analysis of the DNA sequences necessary for luteinizing hormone (LH) gene transcription, fusion genes containing the 5′ flanking region of the rat LHβ or the human α-subunit gene linked to luciferase were transfected into primary cultures of rat pituitary cells. The LHβ-luciferase construct was expressed in the primary cultures at a level 50 times greater than a promoterless luciferase control plasmid. Little or no expression of the LHβ-luciferase construct was detected following transfection of MCF-7, JAR or GH3 tumor cell lines. Treatment of transfected cells with gonadotropin-releasing hormone resulted in a modest induction of LHβ-luciferase activity. Considerably higher levels of LHβ-luciferase activity were obtained with cultures from ovariectomized rats than were obtained with cultures from intact female rats. Analysis of 5′ deletions of the LHβ-luciferase construct demonstrated that activity was well maintained even after substantial deletions. The shortest construct, which contained 75 base pairs of 5′ flanking sequence had 38% of the activity of the longest which contained 1.7 kilobase pairs of flanking sequence. These findings demonstrate that transfection of primary cultures of rat pituitary cells may provide a useful system for analysis of the cis-acting sequences and trans-acting factors required for LH gene expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-107
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Volume74
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 3 1990

Keywords

  • Gonadotroph
  • Luteinizing hormone gene expression
  • Transfection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Endocrinology

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