Differential permeability of the blood-tumour barrier in intracerebral tumour-bearing rats: Antidrug antibody to achieve systemic drug rescue

R. A. Kroll, M. A. Pagel, J. J. Langone, G. J. Sexton, E. A. Neuwelt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The feasibility of utilizing the differential permeability of the blood-tumour barrier to low- vs. high-molecular-weight compounds is demonstrated in a brain tumour model. Nude rats (n = 27) with or without intracerebral tumours received intravenous [3H]methotrexate (M(r) 454), followed 60 min later by antimethotrexate antibody (M(r) 150 000) or nonspecific mouse antibody. Antimethotrexate antibody resulted in 93% binding of serum methotrexate. In contrast, the percentage of antibody-bound methotrexate in brain and intracerebral tumour was only slightly greater than preantibody protein binding. Methotrexate delivery to tumour was significantly greater than to brain adjacent to tumour and normal brain. The percentage delivery of [3H]methotrexate to all areas of brain was similar between animals receiving antimethotrexate antibody and nonspecific antibody. These findings support the theory that a drug rescue method may be developed that may permit the safe administration of increased dosages of chemotherapeutic drugs for the treatment of intracerebral tumours.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)333-341
Number of pages9
JournalTherapeutic Immunology
Volume1
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1994

Keywords

  • Blood-brain barrier
  • Brain tumour
  • Chemotherapy
  • Drug rescue
  • Methotrexate
  • Monoclonal antibody

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Differential permeability of the blood-tumour barrier in intracerebral tumour-bearing rats: Antidrug antibody to achieve systemic drug rescue'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this