Differential microstructural alterations in rat cerebral cortex in a model of chronic mild stress depression

Ahmad Raza Khan, Christopher (Chris) Kroenke, Ove Wiborg, Andrey Chuhutin, Jens R. Nyengaard, Brian Hansen, Sune Nørhøj Jespersen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chronic mild stress leads to depression in many cases and is linked to several debilitating diseases including mental disorders. Recently, neuronal tracing techniques, stereology, and immunohistochemistry have revealed persistent and significant microstructural alterations in the hippocampus, hypothalamus, prefrontal cortex, and amygdala, which form an interconnected system known as the stress circuit. Most studies have focused only on this circuit, however, some studies indicate that manipulation of sensory and motor systems may impact genesis and therapy of mood disorders and therefore these areas should not be neglected in the study of brain microstructure alterations in response to stress and depression. For this reason, we explore the microstructural alterations in different cortical regions in a chronic mild stress model of depression. The study employs ex-vivo diffusion MRI (d-MRI) to assess cortical microstructure in stressed (anhedonic and resilient) and control animals. MRI is followed by immunohistochemistry to substantiate the d-MRI findings. We find significantly lower extracellular diffusivity in auditory cortex (AC) of stress groups and a significantly higher fractional anisotropy in the resilient group. Neurite density was not found to be significantly higher in any cortical ROIs in the stress group compared to control, although axonal density is higher in the stress groups. We also report significant thinning of motor cortex (MC) in both stress groups. This is in agreement with recent clinical and preclinical studies on depression and similar disorders where significant microstructural and metabolic alterations were found in AC and MC. Our findings provide further evidence that the AC and MC are sensitive towards stress exposure and may extend our understanding of the microstructural effects of stress beyond the stress circuit of the brain. Progress in this field may provide new avenues of research to help in diagnosis and treatment intervention for depression and related disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0192329
JournalPLoS One
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2018

Fingerprint

cerebral cortex
Cerebral Cortex
Rats
cortex
Auditory Cortex
Depression
Motor Cortex
microstructure
immunohistochemistry
rats
Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging
brain
amygdala
behavior disorders
neurites
hippocampus
emotions
hypothalamus
diffusivity
Immunohistochemistry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Khan, A. R., Kroenke, C. C., Wiborg, O., Chuhutin, A., Nyengaard, J. R., Hansen, B., & Jespersen, S. N. (2018). Differential microstructural alterations in rat cerebral cortex in a model of chronic mild stress depression. PLoS One, 13(2), [e0192329]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0192329

Differential microstructural alterations in rat cerebral cortex in a model of chronic mild stress depression. / Khan, Ahmad Raza; Kroenke, Christopher (Chris); Wiborg, Ove; Chuhutin, Andrey; Nyengaard, Jens R.; Hansen, Brian; Jespersen, Sune Nørhøj.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 13, No. 2, e0192329, 01.02.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Khan, Ahmad Raza ; Kroenke, Christopher (Chris) ; Wiborg, Ove ; Chuhutin, Andrey ; Nyengaard, Jens R. ; Hansen, Brian ; Jespersen, Sune Nørhøj. / Differential microstructural alterations in rat cerebral cortex in a model of chronic mild stress depression. In: PLoS One. 2018 ; Vol. 13, No. 2.
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