Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, disabling neurologic disease that has its onset in young adulthood. While the knowledge about underlying pathogenesis of MS has improved significantly over the last few decades, the exact cause still eludes us. Despite the availability of several United States Food and Drug Administration-approved disease-modifying therapies (DMT) for MS in the last two decades, the disease remains disabling for many. DMT use is limited by its partial effectiveness, significant side effects in many cases, and high cost that leads people with MS (PwMS) to look for alternative management options. Dietary intervention as a possible mode to help MS seems very appealing to PwMS; however, scientific data supporting this notion remains sparse. New information on the role of various non-MS health factors, especially vascular disease risk factors such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, salt intake, and obesity, that may play a role in MS pathogenesis appears very intriguing as it may partly explain the heterogeneity seen in MS activity and disability. This review will highlight the emerging information on various dietary approaches that may affect MS and their possible underlying mechanism.
- MS pathogenesis
- Multiple sclerosis
- Vascular disease risk factors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology