Development of a neurobehavioral battery for children exposed to neurotoxic chemicals

Diane Rohlman, Wyndham Anger, A. Tamulinas, J. Phillips, Steffani Bailey, L. McCauley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In recent years there has been heightened concern over the potential impact of environmental exposures on neurological function in children. Children are thought to be especially vulnerable to neurotoxic effects due to a number of factors including play behavior, differences in metabolism, and the development state of the brain. Performance tests from the computerized Behavioral Assessment and Research System (BARS) and other non-computerized tests have been combined to develop a brief battery that assesses multiple neurobehavioral functions in preschool children aged 4-6. Tests were selected to assess a variety of cognitive functions including attention, memory, motor speed and coordination and other executive functions. The battery has also been translated into Spanish and developed for use with Latino populations. Four to six-year-old children are particularly challenging because of the shorter attention span and lower motivation to complete an extended test session. When testing this group it is important to maintain the motivation of the child throughout the entire session in order to obtain accurate performance measures. A series of sequential pilot studies were used to select and develop appropriate methods and parameters for the tests in the battery. Although English-speaking children were able to complete the initial battery with minimal difficulties, several difficulties were encountered when the tests were administered to a Latino population. Cultural differences made some material inappropriate for testing due to unfamiliarity with the material, and in some cases items in a test had more than one correct translation which made administration difficult.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)657-665
Number of pages9
JournalNeuroToxicology
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

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Hispanic Americans
Motivation
Testing
Behavioral Research
Materials Testing
Metabolism
Executive Function
Environmental Exposure
Preschool Children
Brain
Cognition
Population
Data storage equipment

Keywords

  • Children
  • Computerized assessment
  • Latino
  • Neurobehavioral tests

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Toxicology

Cite this

Development of a neurobehavioral battery for children exposed to neurotoxic chemicals. / Rohlman, Diane; Anger, Wyndham; Tamulinas, A.; Phillips, J.; Bailey, Steffani; McCauley, L.

In: NeuroToxicology, Vol. 22, No. 5, 2001, p. 657-665.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rohlman, Diane ; Anger, Wyndham ; Tamulinas, A. ; Phillips, J. ; Bailey, Steffani ; McCauley, L. / Development of a neurobehavioral battery for children exposed to neurotoxic chemicals. In: NeuroToxicology. 2001 ; Vol. 22, No. 5. pp. 657-665.
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