Determinants of cognitive performance in children relying on cyanogenic cassava as staple food

G. M. Bumoko, M. T. Sombo, L. D. Okitundu, D. N. Mumba, K. T. Kazadi, J. J. Tamfum-Muyembe, M. R. Lasarev, M. J. Boivin, J. P. Banea, D. D. Tshala-Katumbay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

While risk factors for konzo are known, determinants of cognitive impairment in konzo-affected children remain unknown. We anchored cognitive performance (KABC-II scores) to serum levels of free-thyroxine (free-T4), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), albumin, and motor proficiency (BOT-2 scores) in 40 children including 21 with konzo (median age: 9 years) and 19 without konzo (median age: 8 years). A multiple regression model was used to determine variables associated with changes in KABC-II scores. Age (β: -0.818, 95%CI: -1.48, -0.152) (p=0.018), gender (β: -5.72; 95 % CI: -9.87, -1.57 for females) (p=0.009), BOT-2 score (β: 0.390; 95 % CI: 0.113, 0.667) (p=0.008), and free-T4 (β: 1.88; 95 % CI: 0.009, 3.74) (p=0.049) explained 61.1 % of variation in KABC-II scores. Subclinical hypothyroidism was not associated with poor cognition. A crude association was found between serum albumin and KABC-II scores (β: 1.26; 95 % CI: 0.136, 2.39) (p=0.029). On spot urinary thiocyanate reached 688 μmol/l in children without konzo and 1,032 μmol/L in those with konzo. Female gender and low serum albumin are risk factors common to cognitive and proportionally associated motor deficits in children exposed to cassava cyanogens. The two types of deficits may share common mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)359-366
Number of pages8
JournalMetabolic brain disease
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2014

Keywords

  • Cassava
  • Cognition
  • Cyanide
  • Paralysis
  • Serum albumin
  • Thyroid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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    Bumoko, G. M., Sombo, M. T., Okitundu, L. D., Mumba, D. N., Kazadi, K. T., Tamfum-Muyembe, J. J., Lasarev, M. R., Boivin, M. J., Banea, J. P., & Tshala-Katumbay, D. D. (2014). Determinants of cognitive performance in children relying on cyanogenic cassava as staple food. Metabolic brain disease, 29(2), 359-366. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11011-014-9492-9