Background: Guidelines urge primary care practices to routinely provide tobacco cessation care, but quality indicators for the provision of advice and assistance to quit smoking lag. This study evaluated the implementation of a systems-based strategy to improve performance of tobacco cessation care in primary care clinics. Methods: Changes to the electronic health record (EHR) facilitated staff to document when they ask about tobacco use, advise the patient to quit, offer to connect the patient to a quitline (QL) counselor, and refer interested patients to receive a call from a QL. Medical assistants (MAs) were trained to use the new sections of the EHR, and their roles were expanded to include the provision of brief cessation advice and activation of the QL referral. Primary outcomes were change in tobacco cessation processes preimplementation vs. one, three, and six months postimplementation of the strategy. Results: The increase in performance of tobacco cessation care was significant and sustained at six months postimplementation for assessing smoking status (50.9% vs. 76.3%; odds ratio [OR] = 3.04; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.80–3.31), providing advice (15.1% vs. 92.7%; OR = 69.3; 95% CI = 51.88–92.60), assessing readiness to quit (22.8% vs. 76.6%; OR = 10.80; 95% CI = 8.92–13.08), and accepting a referral to the QL (1.3% vs. 21.7%; OR = 20.31; 95% CI = 4.91–84.05). Conclusion: Key stakeholder engagement informed a system change intervention that includes an EHR–supported role expansion of MAs for QL referrals; these changes substantially increased the provision of tobacco cessation care.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety|
|State||Published - Dec 2019|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Leadership and Management