Daytime sleepiness, poor sleep quality, eveningness chronotype, and common mental disorders among chilean college students

Tessa Concepcion, Clarita Barbosa, Juan Carlos Vélez, Micah Pepper, Asterio Andrade, Bizu Gelaye, David Yanez, Michelle A. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate whether daytime sleepiness, poor sleep quality, and morningness and eveningness preferences are associated with common mental disorders (CMDs) among college students. Methods: A total of 963 college students completed self-administered questionnaires that collected information about sociodemographic characteristics, sleep quality characteristics, CMDs, and other lifestyle behaviors. Results: The prevalence of CMDs was 24.3% (95% confidence interval [CI] [21.5%, 27.1%]) among all students. Prevalence estimates of both excessive daytime sleepiness and poor sleep quality were higher among females (35.4% and 54.4%) than males (22.0% and 45.8%). Cigarette smoking was statistically significantly and positively associated with having CMDs (p =.034). Excessive daytime sleepiness (odds ratio [OR] = 3.65; 95% CI [2.56, 4.91]) and poor sleep quality (OR = 4.76; 95% CI [3.11, 7.29]) were associated with increased odds of CMDs. Conclusion: Given the adverse health consequences associated with both sleep disorders and CMDs, improving sleep hygiene among college students is imperative to public health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)441-448
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of American College Health
Volume62
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 3 2014

Keywords

  • Chile
  • college students
  • daytime sleepiness
  • mental disorders
  • sleep quality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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    Concepcion, T., Barbosa, C., Vélez, J. C., Pepper, M., Andrade, A., Gelaye, B., Yanez, D., & Williams, M. A. (2014). Daytime sleepiness, poor sleep quality, eveningness chronotype, and common mental disorders among chilean college students. Journal of American College Health, 62(7), 441-448. https://doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2014.917652