Darbepoetin alfa administered every 4 weeks for anemia in patients with advanced prostate cancer

Tomasz M. Beer, Misty Bergenstock, Karlee Birt, Celestia S. Higano

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    3 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Purpose: Anemia is a common morbidity of advanced prostate cancer, and prostate cancer treatment and has been associated with a worse overall survival and reduced quality of life in patients with prostate cancer. We sought to determine if infrequent dosing of darbepoetin alfa is safe and effective in treating anemia in patients receiving systemic therapy for prostate cancer. Patients and Methods: Sixteen patients with histologically confirmed prostate cancer with bone metastases on androgen deprivation therapy with or without chemotherapy; and a baseline hemoglobin (Hb) ≤ 12 g/dL (amended to ≤ 11 g/dL) were enrolled. The primary endpoints were the proportion of patients who had a baseline Hb ≥ 12.5 g/dL and the proportion whose baseline Hb increased by ≥ 1 g/dL. Patients were initially treated with 300 μg of darbepoetin alfa every 4 weeks. The dose was increased to 500 μg, 800 μg, and 1000 μg at each subsequent visit if the baseline Hb was not at target and had not increased by ≥ 1 g/dL during the previous 4 weeks. Treatment was planned for 6 months. Results: Treatment was well tolerated with no grade ≥ 3 toxicities. Fourteen patients were assessable. The median Hb at study entry was 10.7 g/dL (range, 8.4-12). Serum Hb increased by ≥ 1 g/dL in 10 patients (71%; 95% confidence interval, 42%-92%) and 7 patients (50%; 95% confidence interval, 23%-77%) reached an Hb of ≥ 12.5 g/dL after treatment with doses that ranged from 300 μg to 1000 μg. Conclusion: Darbepoetin alfa administration every 4 weeks is feasible and well tolerated. Target Hb increases were achieved in approximately half of the patients and required doses that ranged from 300 μg to 1000 μg.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)329-333
    Number of pages5
    JournalClinical Genitourinary Cancer
    Volume5
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jun 2007

      Fingerprint

    Keywords

    • Androgen deprivation therapy
    • Hemoglobin
    • Quality of life

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Oncology
    • Urology

    Cite this