CpG preconditioning reduces accumulation of lysophosphatidylcholine in ischemic brain tissue after middle cerebral artery occlusion

Leonidas Mavroudakis, Susan L. Stevens, Kyle D. Duncan, Mary P. Stenzel-Poore, Julia Laskin, Ingela Lanekoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ischemic stroke is one of the major causes of death and permanent disability in the world. However, the molecular mechanisms surrounding tissue damage are complex and further studies are needed to gain insights necessary for development of treatment. Prophylactic treatment by administration of cytosine-guanine (CpG) oligodeoxynucleotides has been shown to provide neuroprotection against anticipated ischemic injury. CpG binds to Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) causing initialization of an inflammatory response that limits visible ischemic damages upon subsequent stroke. Here, we use nanospray desorption electrospray ionization (nano-DESI) mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) to characterize molecular effects of CpG preconditioning prior to middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and reperfusion. By doping the nano-DESI solvent with appropriate internal standards, we can study and compare distributions of phosphatidylcholine (PC) and lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) in the ischemic hemisphere of the brain despite the large changes in alkali metal abundances. Our results show that CpG preconditioning not only reduces the infarct size but it also decreases the degradation of PC and accumulation of LPC species, which indicates reduced cell membrane breakdown and overall ischemic damage. Our findings show that molecular mechanisms of PC degradation are intact despite CpG preconditioning but that these are limited due to the initialized inflammatory response. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAnalytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • CpG preconditioning
  • Ischemia
  • Lysophosphatidylcholine
  • Mass spectrometry imaging
  • Nano-DESI
  • Phosphatidylcholine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry

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