Corticotropin-releasing factor-overexpressing mice exhibit reduced neuronal activation in the arcuate nucleus and food intake in response to fasting

Andreas Stengel, Miriam Goebel, Mulugeta Million, Mary Stenzel-Poore, Peter Kobelt, Hubert Mönnikes, Yvette Taché, Lixin Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) overexpressing (OE) mice are a genetic model that exhibits features of chronic stress. We investigated whether the adaptive feeding response to a hypocaloric challenge induced by food deprivation is impaired under conditions of chronic CRF overproduction. Food intake response to a 16-h overnight fast and ip injection of gut hormones regulating food intake were compared in CRF-OE and wild type (WT) littermate mice along with brain Fos expression, circulating ghrelin levels, and gastric emptying of a nonnutrient meal. CRF-OE mice injected ip with saline showed a 47 and 44% reduction of 30-min and 4-h cumulative food intake response to an overnight fast, respectively, compared with WT. However, the 30-min food intake decrease induced by ip cholecystokinin (3 μg/kg) and increase by ghrelin (300 μg/kg) were similar in CRF-OE and WT mice. Overnight fasting increased the plasma total ghrelin to similar levels in CRF-OE and WT mice, although CRF-OE mice had a 2-fold reduction of nonfasting ghrelin levels. The number of Fos-immunoreactive cells induced by fasting in the arcuate nucleus was reduced by 5.9-fold in CRF-OE compared with WT mice whereas no significant changes were observed in other hypothalamic nuclei. In contrast, fasted CRF-OE mice displayed a 5.6-fold increase in Fos-immunoreactive cell number in the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus nerve and a 34% increase in 20-min gastric emptying. These findings indicate that sustained overproduction of hypothalamic CRF in mice interferes with fasting-induced activation of arcuate nucleus neurons and the related hyperphagic response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-160
Number of pages8
JournalEndocrinology
Volume150
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2009

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Arcuate Nucleus of Hypothalamus
Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone
Fasting
Eating
Ghrelin
Gastric Emptying
Pituitary Hormone-Releasing Hormones
Food Deprivation
Vagus Nerve
Genetic Models
Cholecystokinin
Meals
Cell Count
Hormones
Neurons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Corticotropin-releasing factor-overexpressing mice exhibit reduced neuronal activation in the arcuate nucleus and food intake in response to fasting. / Stengel, Andreas; Goebel, Miriam; Million, Mulugeta; Stenzel-Poore, Mary; Kobelt, Peter; Mönnikes, Hubert; Taché, Yvette; Wang, Lixin.

In: Endocrinology, Vol. 150, No. 1, 01.2009, p. 153-160.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stengel, Andreas ; Goebel, Miriam ; Million, Mulugeta ; Stenzel-Poore, Mary ; Kobelt, Peter ; Mönnikes, Hubert ; Taché, Yvette ; Wang, Lixin. / Corticotropin-releasing factor-overexpressing mice exhibit reduced neuronal activation in the arcuate nucleus and food intake in response to fasting. In: Endocrinology. 2009 ; Vol. 150, No. 1. pp. 153-160.
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