Introduction: Variant hepatic arterial anatomy (vHAA) is thought to occur in 20–30% of patients. Hepatic arterial infusion (HAI) pump placement for liver cancers requires thorough hepatic artery dissection; we sought to compare vHAA identified during pump placement with established dogma. Methods: Between 2016 and 2020, n = 30 patients received a HAI pump. Intra-operatively identified vHAA was characterized and compared with published data. Results: vHAA was identified in 60% (n = 18) of patients, significantly higher than 19% (3671 of 19013) in the largest published series (P < 0.001). The most common variations were accessory left (n = 12; 40%) and replaced right (n = 6; 20%) hepatic arteries; six (20%) had ≥2 variants. Pre-operative imaging correctly identified 67% of variant hepatic arteries. Discussion: Meticulous operative dissection of the hepatic arterial tree reveals vHAA not captured by imaging or cadaveric dissection. vHAA likely has a higher prevalence than previously reported and should be addressed to optimize therapeutic efficacy of HAI pump therapy.
- Hepatic arterial anatomy
- Hepatic arterial infusion pump therapy
- Michels type
- Variant anatomy
ASJC Scopus subject areas