Conventional hepatic arterial anatomy? Novel findings and insights of a multi-disciplinary hepatic arterial infusion pump program

Brett S. Walker, Thomas L. Sutton, Robert L. Eil, Elena K. Korngold, Kenneth J. Kolbeck, Kevin G. Billingsley, Skye C. Mayo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Variant hepatic arterial anatomy (vHAA) is thought to occur in 20–30% of patients. Hepatic arterial infusion (HAI) pump placement for liver cancers requires thorough hepatic artery dissection; we sought to compare vHAA identified during pump placement with established dogma. Methods: Between 2016 and 2020, n = 30 patients received a HAI pump. Intra-operatively identified vHAA was characterized and compared with published data. Results: vHAA was identified in 60% (n = 18) of patients, significantly higher than 19% (3671 of 19013) in the largest published series (P < 0.001). The most common variations were accessory left (n = 12; 40%) and replaced right (n = 6; 20%) hepatic arteries; six (20%) had ≥2 variants. Pre-operative imaging correctly identified 67% of variant hepatic arteries. Discussion: Meticulous operative dissection of the hepatic arterial tree reveals vHAA not captured by imaging or cadaveric dissection. vHAA likely has a higher prevalence than previously reported and should be addressed to optimize therapeutic efficacy of HAI pump therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • HAI
  • Hepatic arterial anatomy
  • Hepatic arterial infusion pump therapy
  • Michels type
  • Variant anatomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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