Contraceptive provision in Oregon school-based health centers: Method type trends and the role of Title X

Emily R. Boniface, Maria I. Rodriguez, John Heintzman, Sarah Knipper, Rebecca Jacobs, Blair G. Darney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: We describe provision of contraception to adolescents at Oregon school-based health centers (SBHCs). We examine trends over time, by race/ethnicity, and by Title X clinic status and test whether these factors are associated with provision of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC; intrauterine devices/IUDs and implants). Study design: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 33 SBHCs participating in a shared electronic health record 2012-2016. We identified 20,339 contraception provision visits to 5,934 adolescent females ages 14-19 using diagnosis and procedure codes. We used logistic regression to evaluate the association of clinic Title X status, race/ethnicity, and year with receipt of LARC, controlling for individual-, clinic-, and residence-level factors. We calculated adjusted probabilities. Results: Provision of IUDs and implants increased at Oregon SBHCs between 2012 and 2016. IUD provision increased almost 5-fold, (from 0.9% to 4.4% of contraception provision visits), and implants increased approximately 6.5-fold (from 1.1% to 7.2%). More adolescent contraception provision visits occurred at Title X SBHCs, which had greater than twice the adjusted probability of providing LARCs than non-Title X SBHCs (4.4% versus 1.7%). After adjusting for adolescent-, clinic-, and residence-level covariates, non-white adolescents had lower probabilities of receiving LARC methods than white adolescents. Conclusions: SBHCs play an important role in providing access to contraceptive services to adolescents in Oregon. Access to IUDs and implants is increasing over time in SBHCs, particularly those that participate in the Title X program. Implications: Adolescents have expanding access to IUDs and implants in SBHCs over time in Oregon. Participation in the Title X program can help further increase access to effective contraception in SBHCs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)206-210
Number of pages5
JournalContraception
Volume104
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Contraception
  • LARC
  • SBHC
  • School-based health center
  • Title X

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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