Complementary and alternative exercise for fibromyalgia: A meta-analysis

Scott Mist, Kari A. Firestone, Kim Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Scopus citations


Complementary and alternative medicine includes a number of exercise modalities, such as tai chi, qigong, yoga, and a variety of lesser-known movement therapies. A meta-analysis of the current literature was conducted estimating the effect size of the different modalities, study quality and bias, and adverse events. The level of research has been moderately weak to date, but most studies report a medium-to-high effect size in pain reduction. Given the lack of adverse events, there is little risk in recommending these modalities as a critical component in a multimodal treatment plan, which is often required for fibromyalgia management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)247-260
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Pain Research
Publication statusPublished - 2013



  • Complementary and alternative
  • Efficacy
  • Exercise
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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