Coincident Regulation of PLCb Signaling by Gq-Coupled and l-Opioid Receptors Opposes Opioid-Mediated Antinociception

Gissell A. Sanchez, Emily M. Jutkiewicz, Susan Ingram, Alan V. Smrcka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pain management is an important problem worldwide. The current frontline approach for pain management is the use of opioid analgesics. The primary analgesic target of opioids is the l-opioid receptor (MOR). Deletion of phospholipase Cb3 (PLCb3) or selective inhibition of Gbc regulation of PLCb3 enhances the potency of the antinociceptive effects of morphine suggesting a novel strategy for achieving opioid-sparing effects. Here we investigated a potential mechanism for regulation of PLC signaling downstream of MOR in human embryonic kidney 293 cells and found that MOR alone could not stimulate PLC but rather required a coincident signal from a Gq-coupled receptor. Knockout of PLCb3 or pharmacological inhibition of its upstream regulators, Gbc or Gq, ex vivo in periaqueductal gray slices increased the potency of the selective MOR agonist [D-Ala2, N-Me-Phe4, Gly5-ol]enkephalin acetate salt in inhibiting presynaptic GABA release. Finally, inhibition of Gq- G protein-coupled receptor coupling in mice enhanced the antinociceptive effects of morphine. These data support a model where Gq and Gbc-dependent signaling cooperatively regulate PLC activation to decrease MOR-dependent antinociceptive potency. Ultimately, this could lead to identification of new non-MOR targets that would allow for lower-dose utilization of opioid analgesics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)269-279
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular pharmacology
Volume102
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

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