Cognitive styles in depressed children with and without comorbid conduct disorder

Karen Schepman, Eric Fombonne, Stephan Collishaw, Eric Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Little is known about patterns of cognitive impairment in depression comorbid with conduct disorder. The study included clinically depressed children with (N=23) or without conduct disorder (N=29), and controls without psychiatric disorder (N=37). Cognitive biases typical of depression and patterns of social information processing were assessed. Both depressed groups had substantially higher rates of negative cognitive distortions, attributional biases and ruminative responses than non-depressed children. Children in the comorbid group made more hostile attributions and suggested more aggressive responses for dealing with threatening social situations, whilst children with depression only were more likely to be unassertive. Depression has a number of similar depressotypic cognitive biases whether or not complicated by conduct disorder, and may be potentially susceptible to similar interventions. The results also highlight the importance of recognising social information processing deficits when they occur and targeting those too, especially in comorbid presentations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)622-631
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Adolescence
Volume37
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

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Keywords

  • Cognitive styles
  • Comorbidity
  • Conduct disorder
  • Depression
  • Social information processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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