Clonal evolution and lack of cytogenetic response are adverse prognostic factors for hematologic relapse of chronic phase CML patients treated with imatinib mesylate

Michael E. O'Dwyer, Michael J. Mauro, Carolyn Blasdel, Melanie Farnsworth, Gwen Kurilik, Yi Ching Hsieh, Motomi Mori, Brian J. Druker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

97 Scopus citations

Abstract

We followed 141 patients treated with imatinib mesylate (> 300 mg) for chronic-phase chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) following failure of treatment with interferon. During 12 months from the start of imatinib mesylate treatment, 96.5% achieved a complete hematologic response, 47.0% achieved a major cytogenetic response, and 32.4% achieved a complete cytogenetic response. The proportion of patients with hematologic relapse was 10.9% at 12 months and 14. 6% at 18 months. In a univariate Cox regression analysis, the only pretreatment characteristics that correlated with an increased risk of hematologic relapse were hemoglobin level less than 120 g/L (12 g/dL) (P = .02), increased bands in the peripheral blood (P = .01), and clonal evolution (P < .0001). In a multivariate analysis, an elevated platelet count (P = .03) and clonal evolution (P < .0001) were the only significant factors for hematologic relapse. During treatment, the absence of a major cytogenetic response within the first 6 months also significantly correlated with relapse (P = .03). Notably, patients failing to achieve a major cytogenetic response by 6 months had a significantly higher rate of hematologic relapse (27%) compared with those who achieved a major cytogenetic response by 6 months (3%), and patients with clonal evolution had a significantly higher risk of hematologic relapse (50%) than those without clonal evolution (9%).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)451-455
Number of pages5
JournalBlood
Volume103
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology

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