Clinical review: Healing in gastrointestinal anastomoses, part II

C. Kristian Enestvedt, Sarah K. Thompson, Eugene Y. Chang, Blair A. Jobe

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

55 Scopus citations

Abstract

Complications arising from gastrointestinal anastomosis failures are a major source of morbidity and mortality. This review examines the effects of local blood flow on anastomotic healing, and discusses strategies for improving perfusion. Disruption of blood supply plays a significant role in the development of anastomotic leakage. Several methods have been suggested to improve perfusion. Omental pedicles have been employed as buttresses to promote angiogenesis, but efficacy in preventing anastomotic dehiscence has not been established. The administration of exogenous pharmacologie agents (such as vascular endothelial growth factor) is another potential strategy, although the oncological safety of this approach has been questioned. Two techniques which show promise in reducing anastomotic leakage rates include the vascular augmentation of grafts at risk for ischemia (supercharging) and ischemic conditioning (utilizing the delay phenomenon). Further studies of these strategies are needed to establish their efficacy and safety for routine use in gastrointestinal anastomoses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)137-143
Number of pages7
JournalMicrosurgery
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 21 2006

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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