Classification of choroidal neovascularization using projection-resolved optical coherence tomographic angiography

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Abstract

PURPOSE. To evaluate if projection-resolved optical coherence tomographic angiography (PR-OCTA) reduces projection artifact with less attenuation of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) flow signal compared to conventional OCTA with slab subtraction. METHODS. In this retrospective cross-sectional study, participants with subfoveal treatment-naïve CNV secondary to age-related macular degeneration underwent OCTA. Scans were exported for custom processing including manual segmentation as necessary, application of slab subtraction and PR-OCTA algorithm, and calculation of CNV vascular area and connectivity. CNV was classified as type 1, minimally type 2, or predominantly type 2 based on fluorescein angiography (FA) and OCT. Two masked retina specialists independently classified CNV using cross-sectional conventional OCTA and PR-OCTA. RESULTS. A total of 17 eyes were enrolled in this study. Mean CNV vessel area (mm2) was 0.67 ± 0.51 for PR-OCTA and 0.53 ± 0.41 for slab subtraction (P = 0.018). Mean vascular connectivity was 96.80 ± 1.28 for PR-OCTA and 90.90 ± 4.42 (P = 0.018) for slab subtraction. Within-visit repeatability (coefficient of variation) of PR-OCTA was 0.044 for CNV vessel area and 0.012 for vascular connectivity, compared to 0.093 and 0.028 by slab subtraction. PR-OCTA classification agreement with FA/OCT was 88.2% and 76.5% for the two graders, while conventional OCTA agreement was 58.8% and 70.6% (grader 1, P = 0.025; grader 2, P = 0.56). Moreover, PR-OCTA enabled the individual quantification of type 1 and type 2 components of a CNV. CONCLUSIONS. PR-OCTA had greater CNV vessel area and vascular connectivity, as well as better repeatability, compared to slab subtraction, suggesting PR-OCTA is a superior technique for imaging CNV. Furthermore, PR-OCTA removes projection artifact on cross-sectional OCTA, improving the ability to classify and quantify CNV components.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4285-4291
Number of pages7
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Volume59
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2018

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Choroidal Neovascularization
Angiography
Blood Vessels
Fluorescein Angiography
Artifacts
Macular Degeneration
Retina
Cross-Sectional Studies

Keywords

  • Age-related macular degeneration
  • Choroidal neovascularization
  • OCTA
  • Projection-resolved optical coherence tomographic angiography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

@article{084bc7ff940141f7bda2a267961a8706,
title = "Classification of choroidal neovascularization using projection-resolved optical coherence tomographic angiography",
abstract = "PURPOSE. To evaluate if projection-resolved optical coherence tomographic angiography (PR-OCTA) reduces projection artifact with less attenuation of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) flow signal compared to conventional OCTA with slab subtraction. METHODS. In this retrospective cross-sectional study, participants with subfoveal treatment-na{\"i}ve CNV secondary to age-related macular degeneration underwent OCTA. Scans were exported for custom processing including manual segmentation as necessary, application of slab subtraction and PR-OCTA algorithm, and calculation of CNV vascular area and connectivity. CNV was classified as type 1, minimally type 2, or predominantly type 2 based on fluorescein angiography (FA) and OCT. Two masked retina specialists independently classified CNV using cross-sectional conventional OCTA and PR-OCTA. RESULTS. A total of 17 eyes were enrolled in this study. Mean CNV vessel area (mm2) was 0.67 ± 0.51 for PR-OCTA and 0.53 ± 0.41 for slab subtraction (P = 0.018). Mean vascular connectivity was 96.80 ± 1.28 for PR-OCTA and 90.90 ± 4.42 (P = 0.018) for slab subtraction. Within-visit repeatability (coefficient of variation) of PR-OCTA was 0.044 for CNV vessel area and 0.012 for vascular connectivity, compared to 0.093 and 0.028 by slab subtraction. PR-OCTA classification agreement with FA/OCT was 88.2{\%} and 76.5{\%} for the two graders, while conventional OCTA agreement was 58.8{\%} and 70.6{\%} (grader 1, P = 0.025; grader 2, P = 0.56). Moreover, PR-OCTA enabled the individual quantification of type 1 and type 2 components of a CNV. CONCLUSIONS. PR-OCTA had greater CNV vessel area and vascular connectivity, as well as better repeatability, compared to slab subtraction, suggesting PR-OCTA is a superior technique for imaging CNV. Furthermore, PR-OCTA removes projection artifact on cross-sectional OCTA, improving the ability to classify and quantify CNV components.",
keywords = "Age-related macular degeneration, Choroidal neovascularization, OCTA, Projection-resolved optical coherence tomographic angiography",
author = "Rachel Patel and Jie Wang and John Campbell and Lee Kiang and Lauer, {Andreas (Andy)} and Christina Flaxel and Thomas Hwang and Brandon Lujan and David Huang and Steven Bailey and Jia Yali",
year = "2018",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1167/iovs.18-24624",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "59",
pages = "4285--4291",
journal = "Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science",
issn = "0146-0404",
publisher = "Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology Inc.",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Classification of choroidal neovascularization using projection-resolved optical coherence tomographic angiography

AU - Patel, Rachel

AU - Wang, Jie

AU - Campbell, John

AU - Kiang, Lee

AU - Lauer, Andreas (Andy)

AU - Flaxel, Christina

AU - Hwang, Thomas

AU - Lujan, Brandon

AU - Huang, David

AU - Bailey, Steven

AU - Yali, Jia

PY - 2018/8/1

Y1 - 2018/8/1

N2 - PURPOSE. To evaluate if projection-resolved optical coherence tomographic angiography (PR-OCTA) reduces projection artifact with less attenuation of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) flow signal compared to conventional OCTA with slab subtraction. METHODS. In this retrospective cross-sectional study, participants with subfoveal treatment-naïve CNV secondary to age-related macular degeneration underwent OCTA. Scans were exported for custom processing including manual segmentation as necessary, application of slab subtraction and PR-OCTA algorithm, and calculation of CNV vascular area and connectivity. CNV was classified as type 1, minimally type 2, or predominantly type 2 based on fluorescein angiography (FA) and OCT. Two masked retina specialists independently classified CNV using cross-sectional conventional OCTA and PR-OCTA. RESULTS. A total of 17 eyes were enrolled in this study. Mean CNV vessel area (mm2) was 0.67 ± 0.51 for PR-OCTA and 0.53 ± 0.41 for slab subtraction (P = 0.018). Mean vascular connectivity was 96.80 ± 1.28 for PR-OCTA and 90.90 ± 4.42 (P = 0.018) for slab subtraction. Within-visit repeatability (coefficient of variation) of PR-OCTA was 0.044 for CNV vessel area and 0.012 for vascular connectivity, compared to 0.093 and 0.028 by slab subtraction. PR-OCTA classification agreement with FA/OCT was 88.2% and 76.5% for the two graders, while conventional OCTA agreement was 58.8% and 70.6% (grader 1, P = 0.025; grader 2, P = 0.56). Moreover, PR-OCTA enabled the individual quantification of type 1 and type 2 components of a CNV. CONCLUSIONS. PR-OCTA had greater CNV vessel area and vascular connectivity, as well as better repeatability, compared to slab subtraction, suggesting PR-OCTA is a superior technique for imaging CNV. Furthermore, PR-OCTA removes projection artifact on cross-sectional OCTA, improving the ability to classify and quantify CNV components.

AB - PURPOSE. To evaluate if projection-resolved optical coherence tomographic angiography (PR-OCTA) reduces projection artifact with less attenuation of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) flow signal compared to conventional OCTA with slab subtraction. METHODS. In this retrospective cross-sectional study, participants with subfoveal treatment-naïve CNV secondary to age-related macular degeneration underwent OCTA. Scans were exported for custom processing including manual segmentation as necessary, application of slab subtraction and PR-OCTA algorithm, and calculation of CNV vascular area and connectivity. CNV was classified as type 1, minimally type 2, or predominantly type 2 based on fluorescein angiography (FA) and OCT. Two masked retina specialists independently classified CNV using cross-sectional conventional OCTA and PR-OCTA. RESULTS. A total of 17 eyes were enrolled in this study. Mean CNV vessel area (mm2) was 0.67 ± 0.51 for PR-OCTA and 0.53 ± 0.41 for slab subtraction (P = 0.018). Mean vascular connectivity was 96.80 ± 1.28 for PR-OCTA and 90.90 ± 4.42 (P = 0.018) for slab subtraction. Within-visit repeatability (coefficient of variation) of PR-OCTA was 0.044 for CNV vessel area and 0.012 for vascular connectivity, compared to 0.093 and 0.028 by slab subtraction. PR-OCTA classification agreement with FA/OCT was 88.2% and 76.5% for the two graders, while conventional OCTA agreement was 58.8% and 70.6% (grader 1, P = 0.025; grader 2, P = 0.56). Moreover, PR-OCTA enabled the individual quantification of type 1 and type 2 components of a CNV. CONCLUSIONS. PR-OCTA had greater CNV vessel area and vascular connectivity, as well as better repeatability, compared to slab subtraction, suggesting PR-OCTA is a superior technique for imaging CNV. Furthermore, PR-OCTA removes projection artifact on cross-sectional OCTA, improving the ability to classify and quantify CNV components.

KW - Age-related macular degeneration

KW - Choroidal neovascularization

KW - OCTA

KW - Projection-resolved optical coherence tomographic angiography

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U2 - 10.1167/iovs.18-24624

DO - 10.1167/iovs.18-24624

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SP - 4285

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JO - Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science

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SN - 0146-0404

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