Circadian control of human cardiovascular function

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Endogenous circadian rhythms prepare the cardiovascular (CV) system for optimal function to match the daily anticipated behavioral and environmental cycles, including variable activities when awake during the day and recuperation when sleeping at night. The overall day-night patterns in most CV variables result from the summation of predictable circadian effects with variable behavioral and environmental effects on the CV system. The circadian system has also been implicated in the morning peak in the incidence of adverse CV events, including myocardial infarction, stroke, and sudden cardiac death. We discuss the resting and stress-reactive circadian control of CV physiology in humans and suggest future research opportunities, including improving CV therapy by optimally timing therapy relative to a person's internal body clock time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-97
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Opinion in Pharmacology
Volume57
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular
  • Circadian
  • Circadian medicine
  • Circadian reactivity
  • Circadian rhythms
  • Constant routine
  • Day night patterns
  • Forced desynchrony
  • Interaction of behaviors and the circadian system
  • Internal body clock

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery

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