Childhood school segregation and later life sense of control and physical performance in the African American Health cohort

Fredric D. Wolinsky, Elena Andresen, Theodore K. Malmstrom, J. Philip Miller, Mario Schootman, Douglas K. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The association between childhood school desegregation and later life sense of control and physical performance among African Americans is not clear. We hypothesized that childhood school desegregation adversely affected the sense of control of in later life, and that this reduced sense of control accounts in part for reduced physical performance. Methods. In-home follow-up assessments were completed in 2010 with 582 of the 58-74 year old men and women participating in the on-going African American Health cohort. We used these data to examine the relationship between (a) retrospective self-reports of attending segregated schools during one's 1§ssup§st§esup§- to-12§ssup§th§esup§ grade education and one's current sense of control, as well as (b) the association between current sense of control and physical performance. Multiple linear regression analysis with propensity score re-weighting was used. Results: Attending segregated schools for at least half of one's 1§ssup§st§esup§-to- 12§ssup§th§esup§ grade education was significantly associated with higher scores on the sense of control. Adjusting for all covariates and potential confounders, those receiving half or more of their 1§ssup§st§esup§-to-12§ssup§th§esup§ grade education in segregated schools had sense of control scores that were.886 points higher (p ≤.01; standardized effect size =.22). Sense of control scores were independently (all p

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number827
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

Fingerprint

African Americans
Health
Education
Propensity Score
Self Report
Linear Models
Regression Analysis
Desegregation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Childhood school segregation and later life sense of control and physical performance in the African American Health cohort. / Wolinsky, Fredric D.; Andresen, Elena; Malmstrom, Theodore K.; Miller, J. Philip; Schootman, Mario; Miller, Douglas K.

In: BMC Public Health, Vol. 12, No. 1, 827, 2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wolinsky, Fredric D. ; Andresen, Elena ; Malmstrom, Theodore K. ; Miller, J. Philip ; Schootman, Mario ; Miller, Douglas K. / Childhood school segregation and later life sense of control and physical performance in the African American Health cohort. In: BMC Public Health. 2012 ; Vol. 12, No. 1.
@article{c746e05163974bf3aac756541b0be500,
title = "Childhood school segregation and later life sense of control and physical performance in the African American Health cohort",
abstract = "Background: The association between childhood school desegregation and later life sense of control and physical performance among African Americans is not clear. We hypothesized that childhood school desegregation adversely affected the sense of control of in later life, and that this reduced sense of control accounts in part for reduced physical performance. Methods. In-home follow-up assessments were completed in 2010 with 582 of the 58-74 year old men and women participating in the on-going African American Health cohort. We used these data to examine the relationship between (a) retrospective self-reports of attending segregated schools during one's 1§ssup§st§esup§- to-12§ssup§th§esup§ grade education and one's current sense of control, as well as (b) the association between current sense of control and physical performance. Multiple linear regression analysis with propensity score re-weighting was used. Results: Attending segregated schools for at least half of one's 1§ssup§st§esup§-to- 12§ssup§th§esup§ grade education was significantly associated with higher scores on the sense of control. Adjusting for all covariates and potential confounders, those receiving half or more of their 1§ssup§st§esup§-to-12§ssup§th§esup§ grade education in segregated schools had sense of control scores that were.886 points higher (p ≤.01; standardized effect size =.22). Sense of control scores were independently (all p",
author = "Wolinsky, {Fredric D.} and Elena Andresen and Malmstrom, {Theodore K.} and Miller, {J. Philip} and Mario Schootman and Miller, {Douglas K.}",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1186/1471-2458-12-827",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "12",
journal = "BMC Public Health",
issn = "1471-2458",
publisher = "BioMed Central",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Childhood school segregation and later life sense of control and physical performance in the African American Health cohort

AU - Wolinsky, Fredric D.

AU - Andresen, Elena

AU - Malmstrom, Theodore K.

AU - Miller, J. Philip

AU - Schootman, Mario

AU - Miller, Douglas K.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Background: The association between childhood school desegregation and later life sense of control and physical performance among African Americans is not clear. We hypothesized that childhood school desegregation adversely affected the sense of control of in later life, and that this reduced sense of control accounts in part for reduced physical performance. Methods. In-home follow-up assessments were completed in 2010 with 582 of the 58-74 year old men and women participating in the on-going African American Health cohort. We used these data to examine the relationship between (a) retrospective self-reports of attending segregated schools during one's 1§ssup§st§esup§- to-12§ssup§th§esup§ grade education and one's current sense of control, as well as (b) the association between current sense of control and physical performance. Multiple linear regression analysis with propensity score re-weighting was used. Results: Attending segregated schools for at least half of one's 1§ssup§st§esup§-to- 12§ssup§th§esup§ grade education was significantly associated with higher scores on the sense of control. Adjusting for all covariates and potential confounders, those receiving half or more of their 1§ssup§st§esup§-to-12§ssup§th§esup§ grade education in segregated schools had sense of control scores that were.886 points higher (p ≤.01; standardized effect size =.22). Sense of control scores were independently (all p

AB - Background: The association between childhood school desegregation and later life sense of control and physical performance among African Americans is not clear. We hypothesized that childhood school desegregation adversely affected the sense of control of in later life, and that this reduced sense of control accounts in part for reduced physical performance. Methods. In-home follow-up assessments were completed in 2010 with 582 of the 58-74 year old men and women participating in the on-going African American Health cohort. We used these data to examine the relationship between (a) retrospective self-reports of attending segregated schools during one's 1§ssup§st§esup§- to-12§ssup§th§esup§ grade education and one's current sense of control, as well as (b) the association between current sense of control and physical performance. Multiple linear regression analysis with propensity score re-weighting was used. Results: Attending segregated schools for at least half of one's 1§ssup§st§esup§-to- 12§ssup§th§esup§ grade education was significantly associated with higher scores on the sense of control. Adjusting for all covariates and potential confounders, those receiving half or more of their 1§ssup§st§esup§-to-12§ssup§th§esup§ grade education in segregated schools had sense of control scores that were.886 points higher (p ≤.01; standardized effect size =.22). Sense of control scores were independently (all p

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84866706006&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84866706006&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/1471-2458-12-827

DO - 10.1186/1471-2458-12-827

M3 - Article

C2 - 23017218

AN - SCOPUS:84866706006

VL - 12

JO - BMC Public Health

JF - BMC Public Health

SN - 1471-2458

IS - 1

M1 - 827

ER -