This paper presents data from the California maternal serum alpha fetoprotein (MSAFP) program in order to explore the effect and interaction of various factors, especially ethnicity, abortion history and attitudes, religion, and religiosity on MSAFP test decision. The intent is to describe which women are more likely to reject MSAFP screening and also to understand the reasons for refusal and the meanings associated with it. We obtained data on sociodemographics and reproductive history from 595 obstetrical patient charts; we conducted semistructured interviews with an additional 158 pregnant women who were European-American, English-speaking Latina, or Spanish-speaking Latina. All of the women had been offered screening within the context of California's MSAFP Program. We found that women who had never terminated a pregnancy, Spanish-speaking Latinas, and women who scored high on a religiosity scale were significantly more likely to refuse testing. However, we found that all of those factors were strongly mediated by the effects of ethnicity and acculturation, producing different patterns of association in different groups of women.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||American Journal of Medical Genetics|
|State||Published - Aug 6 1998|
- Maternal serum alpha fetoprotein
- Prenatal diagnosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas