Changes in cortical and striatal neurons predict behavioral and electrophysiological abnormalities in a transgenic Murine model of Huntington's disease

G. A. Laforet, E. Sapp, K. Chase, C. McIntyre, F. M. Boyce, M. Campbell, B. A. Cadigan, L. Warzecki, D. A. Tagle, P. H. Reddy, C. Cepeda, C. R. Calvert, E. S. Jokel, G. J. Klapstein, M. A. Ariano, M. S. Levine, M. DiFiglia, N. Aronin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    227 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Neurons in Huntington's disease exhibit selective morphological and subcellular alterations in the striatum and cortex. The link between these neuronal changes and behavioral abnormalities is unclear. We investigated relationships between essential neuronal changes that predict motor impairment and possible involvement of the corticostriatal pathway in developing behavioral phenotypes. We therefore generated heterozygote mice expressing the N-terminal one-third of huntingtin with normal (CT18) or expanded (HD46, HD100) glutamine repeats. The HD mice exhibited motor deficits between 3 and 10 months. The age of onset depended on an expanded polyglutamine length; phenotype severity correlated with increasing age. Neuronal changes in the striatum (nuclear inclusions) preceded the onset of phenotype, whereas cortical changes, especially the accumulation of huntingtin in the nucleus and cytoplasm and the appearance of dysmorphic dendrites, predicted the onset and severity of behavioral deficits. Striatal neurons in the HD mice displayed altered responses to cortical stimulation and to activation by the excitotoxic agent NMDA. Application of NMDA increased intracellular Ca2+ levels in HD100 neurons compared with wild-type neurons. Results suggest that motor deficits in Huntington's disease arise from cumulative morphological and physiological changes in neurons that impair corticostriatal circuitry.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)9112-9123
    Number of pages12
    JournalJournal of Neuroscience
    Volume21
    Issue number23
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Dec 1 2001

    Keywords

    • Cortex
    • Huntington's disease
    • NMDA
    • Neuronal morphology
    • Striatum
    • Transgenic mice

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Neuroscience(all)

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