Whether severe hypoglycemia alone or in combination with hyperketonemia might cause deterioration of cardiac function has been controversial. Therefore, the influence of acute hypoglycemia (mean 33 mg/dL) with and without hyperketonemia (mean 13 and 3.3 mM) on cardiac function, substrate utilization, and myocardial high energy phosphate levels was studied in 10 mongrel dogs. After 45 min of hypoglycemia, mean aortic pressure, total peripheral resistance, and myocardial oxygen consumption had increased significantly, but other hemodynamic parameters and regional myocardial function had not changed. Additional infusion of 3-hydroxybutyrate did not affect hemodynamic variables significantly. During both metabolic interventions in vivo phosphorus-31 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy showed stable levels of myocardial phosphocreatinine, ATP, as well as the phosphocreatinine/ ATP (3.0-3.2) ratio. Biochemical measurements revealed that hyperketonemia led to significant alterations in arterial concentrations and arteriocoronary venous differences of selected citric acid cycle intermediates, thus confirming previous reports which suggested a blockade of the 2-oxoglutarate-dehydrogenase reaction induced by ketone body oxidation. However, despite this blockade, the energy supply to the heart was not impaired as shown by normal nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and cardiac performance. It is speculated, that the blockade might be due to an enhanced NADH/NAD ratio.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health