Calcium/calmodulin-independent autophosphorylation sites of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II: Studies on the effect of phosphorylation of threonine 305/306 and serine 314 on calmodulin binding using synthetic peptides

Roger J. Colbran, Thomas Soderling

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Abstract

Two synthetic peptides containing the previously identified calmodulin (CaM)-binding domain of Ca2+/ CaM-dependent protein kinase II (CaM-kinase II) (residues 296-309, Payne, M. E., Fong, Y.-L., Ono, T., Colbran, R. J., Kemp, B. E., Soderling, T. R., and Means, A. R. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 7190-7195) were phosphorylated by Ca2+/CaM-independent forms of the kinase. In the presence of EGTA, CaMK-(290-309) was phosphorylated exclusively on threonine residues (Km = 13 μM; Vmax = 211 nmol/min/mg). When the phosphorylated product was analyzed by reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) two radioactive peaks were resolved. The first peak contained CaMK-(290-309) phosphorylated on Thr306, whereas the second peak contained CaMK-(290-309) phosphorylated on Thr305. However, under the same conditions CaMK-(294-319) was phosphorylated predominantly (approximately 70%) on serine residues (Km = 23 μM; Vmax = 99 nmol/min/mg) and HPLC analysis revealed a single major radioactive peak predominantly (more than 90%) phosphorylated at Ser314. Phosphorylation of both peptides was completely blocked in the presence of Ca2+ and a stoichiometric amount of CaM. Samples of each phosphorylated peptide were tested for CaM-binding ability by two procedures and compared to the nonphosphorylated peptides. Phosphorylation of either Thr305 or Thr306 greatly reduced the interaction between CaMK-(290-309) and CaM, whereas phosphorylation of Ser314 did not affect the ability of CaMK-(294-319) to bind CaM. These results indicate that Thr305 and/or Thr306 may be the Ca2+/CaM-independent autophosphorylation site(s) responsible for the loss of ability of CaM-kinase II to bind and be activated by Ca2+/CaM (Hashimoto, Y., Schworer, C. M., Colbran, R. J., and Soderling, T. R., J. Biol. Chem. 262, 8051-8055).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11213-11219
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume265
Issue number19
StatePublished - Jul 5 1990
Externally publishedYes

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Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Type 2
Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases
Phosphorylation
Threonine
Calmodulin
Serine
Calcium
Peptides
High performance liquid chromatography
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography
Egtazic Acid
Reverse-Phase Chromatography
Phosphotransferases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

@article{ab37cf1870874c019b03edc001dbf65b,
title = "Calcium/calmodulin-independent autophosphorylation sites of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II: Studies on the effect of phosphorylation of threonine 305/306 and serine 314 on calmodulin binding using synthetic peptides",
abstract = "Two synthetic peptides containing the previously identified calmodulin (CaM)-binding domain of Ca2+/ CaM-dependent protein kinase II (CaM-kinase II) (residues 296-309, Payne, M. E., Fong, Y.-L., Ono, T., Colbran, R. J., Kemp, B. E., Soderling, T. R., and Means, A. R. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 7190-7195) were phosphorylated by Ca2+/CaM-independent forms of the kinase. In the presence of EGTA, CaMK-(290-309) was phosphorylated exclusively on threonine residues (Km = 13 μM; Vmax = 211 nmol/min/mg). When the phosphorylated product was analyzed by reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) two radioactive peaks were resolved. The first peak contained CaMK-(290-309) phosphorylated on Thr306, whereas the second peak contained CaMK-(290-309) phosphorylated on Thr305. However, under the same conditions CaMK-(294-319) was phosphorylated predominantly (approximately 70{\%}) on serine residues (Km = 23 μM; Vmax = 99 nmol/min/mg) and HPLC analysis revealed a single major radioactive peak predominantly (more than 90{\%}) phosphorylated at Ser314. Phosphorylation of both peptides was completely blocked in the presence of Ca2+ and a stoichiometric amount of CaM. Samples of each phosphorylated peptide were tested for CaM-binding ability by two procedures and compared to the nonphosphorylated peptides. Phosphorylation of either Thr305 or Thr306 greatly reduced the interaction between CaMK-(290-309) and CaM, whereas phosphorylation of Ser314 did not affect the ability of CaMK-(294-319) to bind CaM. These results indicate that Thr305 and/or Thr306 may be the Ca2+/CaM-independent autophosphorylation site(s) responsible for the loss of ability of CaM-kinase II to bind and be activated by Ca2+/CaM (Hashimoto, Y., Schworer, C. M., Colbran, R. J., and Soderling, T. R., J. Biol. Chem. 262, 8051-8055).",
author = "Colbran, {Roger J.} and Thomas Soderling",
year = "1990",
month = "7",
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language = "English (US)",
volume = "265",
pages = "11213--11219",
journal = "Journal of Biological Chemistry",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Calcium/calmodulin-independent autophosphorylation sites of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II

T2 - Studies on the effect of phosphorylation of threonine 305/306 and serine 314 on calmodulin binding using synthetic peptides

AU - Colbran, Roger J.

AU - Soderling, Thomas

PY - 1990/7/5

Y1 - 1990/7/5

N2 - Two synthetic peptides containing the previously identified calmodulin (CaM)-binding domain of Ca2+/ CaM-dependent protein kinase II (CaM-kinase II) (residues 296-309, Payne, M. E., Fong, Y.-L., Ono, T., Colbran, R. J., Kemp, B. E., Soderling, T. R., and Means, A. R. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 7190-7195) were phosphorylated by Ca2+/CaM-independent forms of the kinase. In the presence of EGTA, CaMK-(290-309) was phosphorylated exclusively on threonine residues (Km = 13 μM; Vmax = 211 nmol/min/mg). When the phosphorylated product was analyzed by reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) two radioactive peaks were resolved. The first peak contained CaMK-(290-309) phosphorylated on Thr306, whereas the second peak contained CaMK-(290-309) phosphorylated on Thr305. However, under the same conditions CaMK-(294-319) was phosphorylated predominantly (approximately 70%) on serine residues (Km = 23 μM; Vmax = 99 nmol/min/mg) and HPLC analysis revealed a single major radioactive peak predominantly (more than 90%) phosphorylated at Ser314. Phosphorylation of both peptides was completely blocked in the presence of Ca2+ and a stoichiometric amount of CaM. Samples of each phosphorylated peptide were tested for CaM-binding ability by two procedures and compared to the nonphosphorylated peptides. Phosphorylation of either Thr305 or Thr306 greatly reduced the interaction between CaMK-(290-309) and CaM, whereas phosphorylation of Ser314 did not affect the ability of CaMK-(294-319) to bind CaM. These results indicate that Thr305 and/or Thr306 may be the Ca2+/CaM-independent autophosphorylation site(s) responsible for the loss of ability of CaM-kinase II to bind and be activated by Ca2+/CaM (Hashimoto, Y., Schworer, C. M., Colbran, R. J., and Soderling, T. R., J. Biol. Chem. 262, 8051-8055).

AB - Two synthetic peptides containing the previously identified calmodulin (CaM)-binding domain of Ca2+/ CaM-dependent protein kinase II (CaM-kinase II) (residues 296-309, Payne, M. E., Fong, Y.-L., Ono, T., Colbran, R. J., Kemp, B. E., Soderling, T. R., and Means, A. R. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 7190-7195) were phosphorylated by Ca2+/CaM-independent forms of the kinase. In the presence of EGTA, CaMK-(290-309) was phosphorylated exclusively on threonine residues (Km = 13 μM; Vmax = 211 nmol/min/mg). When the phosphorylated product was analyzed by reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) two radioactive peaks were resolved. The first peak contained CaMK-(290-309) phosphorylated on Thr306, whereas the second peak contained CaMK-(290-309) phosphorylated on Thr305. However, under the same conditions CaMK-(294-319) was phosphorylated predominantly (approximately 70%) on serine residues (Km = 23 μM; Vmax = 99 nmol/min/mg) and HPLC analysis revealed a single major radioactive peak predominantly (more than 90%) phosphorylated at Ser314. Phosphorylation of both peptides was completely blocked in the presence of Ca2+ and a stoichiometric amount of CaM. Samples of each phosphorylated peptide were tested for CaM-binding ability by two procedures and compared to the nonphosphorylated peptides. Phosphorylation of either Thr305 or Thr306 greatly reduced the interaction between CaMK-(290-309) and CaM, whereas phosphorylation of Ser314 did not affect the ability of CaMK-(294-319) to bind CaM. These results indicate that Thr305 and/or Thr306 may be the Ca2+/CaM-independent autophosphorylation site(s) responsible for the loss of ability of CaM-kinase II to bind and be activated by Ca2+/CaM (Hashimoto, Y., Schworer, C. M., Colbran, R. J., and Soderling, T. R., J. Biol. Chem. 262, 8051-8055).

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