Avapritinib in unresectable or metastatic PDGFRA D842V-mutant gastrointestinal stromal tumours: Long-term efficacy and safety data from the NAVIGATOR phase I trial

Robin L. Jones, César Serrano, Margaret von Mehren, Suzanne George, Michael C. Heinrich, Yoon Koo Kang, Patrick Schöffski, Philippe A. Cassier, Olivier Mir, Sant P. Chawla, Ferry A.L.M. Eskens, Piotr Rutkowski, William D. Tap, Teresa Zhou, Maria Roche, Sebastian Bauer

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Background: PDGFRA D842V mutations occur in 5–10% of gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs), and previously approved tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are inactive against this mutation. Consequently, patients have a poor prognosis. We present an updated analysis of avapritinib efficacy and long-term safety in this patient population. Methods: NAVIGATOR (NCT02508532), a two-part, open-label, dose-escalation/dose-expansion phase I study, enrolled adult patients with unresectable GISTs. Patients with PDGFRA D842V-mutant GIST were a prespecified subgroup within the overall safety population, which included patients who received ≥1 avapritinib dose. Primary end-points were overall response rate (ORR) and avapritinib safety profile. Secondary end-points were clinical benefit rate (CBR), duration of response (DOR) and progression-free survival (PFS). Overall survival (OS) was an exploratory end-point. Results: Between 7 October 2015 and 9 March 2020, 250 patients enrolled in the safety population; 56 patients were included in the PDGFRA D842V population, 11 were TKI-naïve. At data cut-off, median follow-up was 27.5 months. Safety profile was comparable between the overall safety and PDGFRA D842V populations. In the PDGFRA D842V population, the most frequent adverse events were nausea (38 [68%] patients) and diarrhoea (37 [66%]), and cognitive effects occurred in 32 (57%) patients. The ORR was 91% (51/56 patients). The CBR was 98% (55/56 patients). The median DOR was 27.6 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 17.6–not reached [NR]); median PFS was 34.0 months (95% CI: 22.9–NR). Median OS was not reached. Conclusion: Targeting PDGFRA D842V-mutant GIST with avapritinib resulted in an unprecedented, durable clinical benefit, with a manageable safety profile. Avapritinib should be considered as first-line therapy for these patients.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)132-142
    Number of pages11
    JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer
    Volume145
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Mar 2021

    Keywords

    • Avapritinib
    • Gastrointestinal stromal tumours
    • PDGFRA
    • Phase 1

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Oncology
    • Cancer Research

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