Augmented and Mixed Reality: Technologies for Enhancing the Future of IR

Brian J. Park, Stephen J. Hunt, Charles Martin, Gregory J. Nadolski, Bradford J. Wood, Terence P. Gade

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Augmented and mixed reality are emerging interactive and display technologies. These technologies are able to merge virtual objects, in either 2 or 3 dimensions, with the real world. Image guidance is the cornerstone of interventional radiology. With augmented or mixed reality, medical imaging can be more readily accessible or displayed in actual 3-dimensional space during procedures to enhance guidance, at times when this information is most needed. In this review, the current state of these technologies is addressed followed by a fundamental overview of their inner workings and challenges with 3-dimensional visualization. Finally, current and potential future applications in interventional radiology are highlighted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1074-1082
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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