Assessment of Orbital Computed Tomography (CT) Imaging Biomarkers in Patients with Thyroid Eye Disease

Shikha Chaganti, Kevin Mundy, Michael P. DeLisi, Katrina M. Nelson, Robert L. Harrigan, Robert L. Galloway, Bennett A. Landman, Louise A. Mawn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


To understand potential orbital biomarkers generated from computed tomography (CT) imaging in patients with thyroid eye disease. This is a retrospective cohort study. From a database of an ongoing thyroid eye disease research study at our institution, we identified 85 subjects who had both clinical examination and laboratory records supporting the diagnosis of thyroid eye disease and concurrent imaging prior to any medical or surgical intervention. Patients were excluded if imaging quality or type was not amenable to segmentation. The images of 170 orbits were analyzed with the developed automated segmentation tool. The main outcome measure was to cross 25 CT structural metrics for each eye with nine clinical markers using a Kendall rank correlation test to identify significant relationships. The Kendall rank correlation test between automatically calculated CT metrics and clinical data demonstrated numerous correlations. Extraocular rectus muscle metrics, such as the average diameter of the superior, medial, and lateral rectus muscles, showed a strong correlation (p < 0.05) with loss of visual acuity and presence of ocular motility defects. Hertel measurements demonstrated a strong correlation (p < 0.05) with volumetric measurements of the optic nerve and other orbital metrics such as the crowding index and proptosis. Optic neuropathy was strongly correlated (p < 0.05) with an increase in the maximum diameter of the superior muscle. This novel method of automated imaging metrics may provide objective, rapid clinical information. This data may be useful for appreciation of severity of thyroid eye disease and recognition of risk factors of visual impairment from dysthyroid optic neuropathy from CT imaging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)987-994
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Digital Imaging
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • CT
  • Multi-atlas
  • Optic nerve
  • Thyroid eye disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Computer Science Applications


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