Anterior uveitis describes inflammation that involves the iris or ciliary body. Anterior uveitis may be part of a systemic illness such as a spondyloarthropathy. It may also arise from an infection such as herpes simplex; be part of an ocular syndrome, such as Fuchs' heterochromic iridocyclitis; be part of trauma, as in cataract surgery; or result from an idiopathic eye disease with a presumed immune pathogenesis. During 2001, progress has been made understanding uveitis in general, as well as specifically, in association with spondytoarthropathy. Here, we review recent insights into anterior uveitis with regard to clinical presentation, immune mechanisms, genetics, and anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy.
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