Angiographic predictors of adverse outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with radiation associated coronary artery disease

Grant W. Reed, Jeffrey E. Rossi, Ahmad Masri, Brian P. Griffin, Stephen G. Ellis, Samir R. Kapadia, Milind Y. Desai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To determine procedural predictors of long-term outcomes for patients with radiation associated coronary artery disease (CAD) treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Background: Patients who develop CAD after external beam radiation therapy (XRT) for cancer are at high-risk for adverse events following PCI. It is unknown if specific angiographic features can predict outcomes in this population. Methods: This is an observational study of 157 patients with malignancy who received XRT prior to PCI. Rates of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs; all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, repeat revascularization, or stroke) were compared across patient characteristics over time with the Cox proportional hazards and Kaplan–Meier's analyses. Results: During follow-up of 5.4 ± 4.5 years, 91 (58%) patients had MACCE. On Kaplan–Meier's analysis of angiographic characteristics, MACCE was more frequent in patients with at least moderate target vessel calcification (P = 0.023), ostial stenosis (P = 0.049), target vessel diameter ≥ 3.0 mm (P = 0.018), a SYNTAX score ≥ the median of 11 (P = 0.014), or bare metal stenting (BMS)/balloon angioplasty (BA) compared to drug-eluting stenting (DES) (P = 0.006). Cardiac death was more frequent in patients with SYNTAX score ≥ 11 (P = 0.028) or BMS (P = 0.043). After multivariable adjustment for both angiographic and clinical characteristics, independent predictors of MACCE were BMS placement (P = 0.013), chronic kidney disease ≥ stage 3 (P = 0.019), New York Heart Association (NYHA) heart failure class ≥3 (P = 0.034), and SYNTAX score ≥ 11 (P = 0.041). Conclusions: In patients previously exposed to XRT treated with PCI, independent angiographic predictors of MACCE include SYNTAX score ≥ 11 and BMS placement, suggestive that DES should be preferred in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E104-E110
JournalCatheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume94
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • external beam therapy
  • radiation heart disease
  • XRT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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