Alternative Therapy Use by Elderly African Americans Attending a Community Clinic

Shelley A. Sternberg, Anjana Chandran, Monica Sikka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of orally ingested alternative therapies (OAT) by a community-dwelling, primarily African-American sample of elders. DESIGN: Face-to-face survey. SETTING: University-affiliated geriatric medicine primary care clinic. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred two elderly OAT users and 100 nonusers who had an appointment between June and August 2000. MEASUREMENTS: Demographic characteristics, OAT products used, reasons for use, and influencing factors leading to use. RESULTS: Two hundred ninety-two subjects were screened: 102 (35%) OAT users, 100 (34%) nonusers, and 90 (31%) who refused to participate. The OAT users were 78% female and 67% African American, with a mean age±standard deviation of 79.7±6.2. They were a frail group, with an average of 5.2±2.3 medical conditions, 4.5±2.3 medications, and 52% with at least one impairment in activities of daily living. Nonusers had more documented medical conditions and medications and a lower median household income. The most popular OAT products were multivitamins (65%), vitamin E (42%), and calcium (31%). Ninety-seven percent of users reported concurrent OAT and prescription medication use. The patients took OATs to supplement their diet (23%) and stay well (15%), as well as for various medical conditions. Influencing factors for OAT use were media advertisements (37%), physicians' advice (36%), and immediate family members (19%). Sixty percent of elders discussed their OAT use with their physicians CONCLUSION: Community-dwelling, primarily African-American, elders are using OATs despite physical frailty and limited financial resources. OAT users are healthier and wealthier than nonusers. More subjects used concurrent OAT and prescription medications and discussed their use with their physicians than would be expected from the literature. A large national survey of OAT use by minority elders could explore these findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1768-1772
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume51
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Complementary Therapies
African Americans
Independent Living
Physicians
Prescriptions
Activities of Daily Living
Vitamin E
Geriatrics
Primary Health Care
Appointments and Schedules
Medicine
Demography
Diet
Calcium

Keywords

  • African American
  • Alternative therapy
  • Elderly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Alternative Therapy Use by Elderly African Americans Attending a Community Clinic. / Sternberg, Shelley A.; Chandran, Anjana; Sikka, Monica.

In: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Vol. 51, No. 12, 01.12.2003, p. 1768-1772.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{f99e240f1b664101aaafc08192c139ee,
title = "Alternative Therapy Use by Elderly African Americans Attending a Community Clinic",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of orally ingested alternative therapies (OAT) by a community-dwelling, primarily African-American sample of elders. DESIGN: Face-to-face survey. SETTING: University-affiliated geriatric medicine primary care clinic. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred two elderly OAT users and 100 nonusers who had an appointment between June and August 2000. MEASUREMENTS: Demographic characteristics, OAT products used, reasons for use, and influencing factors leading to use. RESULTS: Two hundred ninety-two subjects were screened: 102 (35{\%}) OAT users, 100 (34{\%}) nonusers, and 90 (31{\%}) who refused to participate. The OAT users were 78{\%} female and 67{\%} African American, with a mean age±standard deviation of 79.7±6.2. They were a frail group, with an average of 5.2±2.3 medical conditions, 4.5±2.3 medications, and 52{\%} with at least one impairment in activities of daily living. Nonusers had more documented medical conditions and medications and a lower median household income. The most popular OAT products were multivitamins (65{\%}), vitamin E (42{\%}), and calcium (31{\%}). Ninety-seven percent of users reported concurrent OAT and prescription medication use. The patients took OATs to supplement their diet (23{\%}) and stay well (15{\%}), as well as for various medical conditions. Influencing factors for OAT use were media advertisements (37{\%}), physicians' advice (36{\%}), and immediate family members (19{\%}). Sixty percent of elders discussed their OAT use with their physicians CONCLUSION: Community-dwelling, primarily African-American, elders are using OATs despite physical frailty and limited financial resources. OAT users are healthier and wealthier than nonusers. More subjects used concurrent OAT and prescription medications and discussed their use with their physicians than would be expected from the literature. A large national survey of OAT use by minority elders could explore these findings.",
keywords = "African American, Alternative therapy, Elderly",
author = "Sternberg, {Shelley A.} and Anjana Chandran and Monica Sikka",
year = "2003",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1046/j.1532-5415.2003.51562.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "51",
pages = "1768--1772",
journal = "Journal of the American Geriatrics Society",
issn = "0002-8614",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Alternative Therapy Use by Elderly African Americans Attending a Community Clinic

AU - Sternberg, Shelley A.

AU - Chandran, Anjana

AU - Sikka, Monica

PY - 2003/12/1

Y1 - 2003/12/1

N2 - OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of orally ingested alternative therapies (OAT) by a community-dwelling, primarily African-American sample of elders. DESIGN: Face-to-face survey. SETTING: University-affiliated geriatric medicine primary care clinic. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred two elderly OAT users and 100 nonusers who had an appointment between June and August 2000. MEASUREMENTS: Demographic characteristics, OAT products used, reasons for use, and influencing factors leading to use. RESULTS: Two hundred ninety-two subjects were screened: 102 (35%) OAT users, 100 (34%) nonusers, and 90 (31%) who refused to participate. The OAT users were 78% female and 67% African American, with a mean age±standard deviation of 79.7±6.2. They were a frail group, with an average of 5.2±2.3 medical conditions, 4.5±2.3 medications, and 52% with at least one impairment in activities of daily living. Nonusers had more documented medical conditions and medications and a lower median household income. The most popular OAT products were multivitamins (65%), vitamin E (42%), and calcium (31%). Ninety-seven percent of users reported concurrent OAT and prescription medication use. The patients took OATs to supplement their diet (23%) and stay well (15%), as well as for various medical conditions. Influencing factors for OAT use were media advertisements (37%), physicians' advice (36%), and immediate family members (19%). Sixty percent of elders discussed their OAT use with their physicians CONCLUSION: Community-dwelling, primarily African-American, elders are using OATs despite physical frailty and limited financial resources. OAT users are healthier and wealthier than nonusers. More subjects used concurrent OAT and prescription medications and discussed their use with their physicians than would be expected from the literature. A large national survey of OAT use by minority elders could explore these findings.

AB - OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of orally ingested alternative therapies (OAT) by a community-dwelling, primarily African-American sample of elders. DESIGN: Face-to-face survey. SETTING: University-affiliated geriatric medicine primary care clinic. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred two elderly OAT users and 100 nonusers who had an appointment between June and August 2000. MEASUREMENTS: Demographic characteristics, OAT products used, reasons for use, and influencing factors leading to use. RESULTS: Two hundred ninety-two subjects were screened: 102 (35%) OAT users, 100 (34%) nonusers, and 90 (31%) who refused to participate. The OAT users were 78% female and 67% African American, with a mean age±standard deviation of 79.7±6.2. They were a frail group, with an average of 5.2±2.3 medical conditions, 4.5±2.3 medications, and 52% with at least one impairment in activities of daily living. Nonusers had more documented medical conditions and medications and a lower median household income. The most popular OAT products were multivitamins (65%), vitamin E (42%), and calcium (31%). Ninety-seven percent of users reported concurrent OAT and prescription medication use. The patients took OATs to supplement their diet (23%) and stay well (15%), as well as for various medical conditions. Influencing factors for OAT use were media advertisements (37%), physicians' advice (36%), and immediate family members (19%). Sixty percent of elders discussed their OAT use with their physicians CONCLUSION: Community-dwelling, primarily African-American, elders are using OATs despite physical frailty and limited financial resources. OAT users are healthier and wealthier than nonusers. More subjects used concurrent OAT and prescription medications and discussed their use with their physicians than would be expected from the literature. A large national survey of OAT use by minority elders could explore these findings.

KW - African American

KW - Alternative therapy

KW - Elderly

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0348011593&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0348011593&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1046/j.1532-5415.2003.51562.x

DO - 10.1046/j.1532-5415.2003.51562.x

M3 - Article

C2 - 14687356

AN - SCOPUS:0348011593

VL - 51

SP - 1768

EP - 1772

JO - Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

JF - Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

SN - 0002-8614

IS - 12

ER -