Altered nucleoside transporters in mammalian cells selected for resistance to the physiological effects of inhibitors of nucleoside transport

B. Aronow, K. Allen, J. Patrick, B. Ullman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

From a mutagenized population of wild type S49 T lymphoma cells, clones were generated that were resistant to the physiological effects of the potent inhibitor of nucleoside transport, 4-nitrobenzyl-6-thioinosine (NBMPR). These cells were selected for their ability to survive in semisolid medium containing 0.5 mM hypoxanthine, 0.4 μM methotrexate, 30 μM thymidine, 30 μM deoxycytidine, in the presence of 30 μM NBMPR. NBMPR protected wild type cells from the effects of a spectrum of cytotoxic nucleosides, whereas two mutant clones, KAB1 and KAB5, were still sensitive to nucleoside-mediated cytotoxicity in the presence of NBMPR. Comparisons of the abilities of wild type cells and mutant cells to incorporate exogenous nucleoside to the corresponding nucleoside triphosphate indicated that the KAB1 and KAB5 mutant cells were refractory to normal inhibition by NBMPR. Moreover, rapid transport studies indicated that mutant cells, unlike wild type parental cells, had acquired a substantial NBMPR-insensitive nucleoside transport component. Binding studies with [3H]NBMPR indicated that KAB5 cells were 70-75% deficient in the number of NBMPR binding sites, whereas KAB1 cells possessed a wild type complement of NBMPR binding sites. These data suggest that the NBMPR binding site in wild type S49 cells is genetically distinguishable from the nucleoside carrier site.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6226-6233
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume260
Issue number10
StatePublished - Jan 1 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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