Airway strategy and chest compression quality in the Pragmatic Airway Resuscitation Trial

Henry E. Wang, Xabier Jaureguibeitia, Elisabete Aramendi, Jeffrey L. Jarvis, Jestin N. Carlson, Unai Irusta, Erik Alonso, Tom Aufderheide, Robert H. Schmicker, Matthew L. Hansen, Ryan M. Huebinger, M. Riccardo Colella, Richard Gordon, Robert Suchting, Ahamed H. Idris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Chest compression (CC) quality is associated with improved out-of-hospital cardiopulmonary arrest (OHCA) outcomes. Airway management efforts may adversely influence CC quality. We sought to compare the effects of initial laryngeal tube (LT) and initial endotracheal intubation (ETI) airway management strategies upon chest compression fraction (CCF), rate and interruptions in the Pragmatic Airway Resuscitation Trial (PART). Methods: We analyzed CPR process files collected from adult OHCA enrolled in PART. We used automated signal processing techniques and a graphical user interface to calculate CC quality measures and defined interruptions as pauses in chest compressions longer than 3 s. We determined CC fraction, rate and interruptions (number and total duration) for the entire resuscitation and compared differences between LT and ETI using t-tests. We repeated the analysis stratified by time before, during and after airway insertion as well as by successive 3-min time segments. We also compared CC quality between single vs. multiple airway insertion attempts, as well as between bag-valve-mask (BVM-only) vs. ETI or LT. Results: Of 3004 patients enrolled in PART, CPR process data were available for 1996 (1001 LT, 995 ETI). Mean CPR analysis duration were: LT 22.6 ± 10.8 min vs. ETI 25.3 ± 11.3 min (p < 0.001). Mean CC fraction (LT 88% vs. ETI 87%, p = 0.05) and rate (LT 114 vs. ETI 114 compressions per minute (cpm), p = 0.59) were similar between LT and ETI. Median number of CC interruptions were: LT 11 vs. ETI 12 (p = 0.001). Total CC interruption duration was lower for LT than ETI (LT 160 vs. ETI 181 s, p = 0.002); this difference was larger before airway insertion (LT 56 vs. ETI 78 s, p < 0.001). There were no differences in CC quality when stratified by 3-min time epochs. Conclusion: In the PART trial, compared with ETI, LT was associated with shorter total CC interruption duration but not other CC quality measures. CC quality may be associated with OHCA airway management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-98
Number of pages6
JournalResuscitation
Volume162
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2021

Keywords

  • Airway management
  • Cardiopulmonary arrest
  • Emergency medical service
  • Intubation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Emergency
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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