Age-related changes in human vestibulo-ocular and optokinetic reflexes: Pseudorandom rotation tests

R. J. Peterka, F. O. Black, M. B. Schoenhoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations


The dynamic response properties of horizontal vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) and optokinetic reflex (OKR) were characterized in 216 human subjects ranging in age from 7 to 81 y. The object of this cross-sectional study was to determine the effects of aging on VOR and OKR reflex dynamics, and to identify the distributions of parameters that describe VOR and OKR responses to pseudorandom stimuli in a putatively normal population. In general, VOR and OKR response parameters changed in a manner consistent with declining function with increasing age. For the VOR this was reflected in declining response amplitudes, although the magnitude of the decline was small relative to the variability of the data. For the OKR the lag time of the response, probably associated with the time required for visual information processing, increased linearly with age at a rate of about 1 ms per year.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-71
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Vestibular Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 1990
Externally publishedYes


  • eye movements
  • vestibular
  • visual-vestibular

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Clinical Neurology


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