Age, Comorbidity, and the Risk of Prostate Cancer-Specific Mortality in Men with Biopsy Gleason Score 4+3: Implications on Patient Selection for Multiparametric MRI

Ravi A. Chandra, Ming Hui Chen, Danjie Zhang, Marian Loffredo, Anthony V. D'Amico

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Some men with biopsy Gleason score (GS) 7 prostate cancer (PC) harbor occult GS 8 to 10 PC and might be undertreated with short-term androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) and radiation therapy (RT). With advancing age associated with occult high-grade PC, we evaluated PC-specific mortality (PCSM) risk after RT and short-term ADT for older men with GS 4+3 PC and men of any age with GS 8 to 10 PC. Patients and Methods The study cohort comprised 206 men with unfavorable-risk PC treated with RT or RT and 6 months of ADT on a randomized trial between 1995 and 2001. Competing risks regression was used to compare PCSM risk for men with GS 8 to 10 PC to men with GS ≤ 3+4, GS 4+3 and age≤ 73 years (median age), and GS 4+3 and age > 73 years, adjusting for PC risk factors, comorbidity, and treatment. Results After a median follow-up of 14.3 years, 135 men died (65.53%), 24 (17.78%) of PC. Men age > 73 years with GS 4+3 PC did not have significantly lower PCSM risk compared with men with GS 8 to 10 (adjusted hazard ratio [AHR], 1.08; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.29-4.06; P =.91); whereas unhealthy men (AHR, 0.20; 95% CI, 0.04-0.93; P =.04) and men age ≤ 73 years with GS 4+3 (AHR, 0.09; 95% CI, 0.01-1.03; P =.05) fared better. Conclusion Men age ;≤ 73 years with biopsy GS 4+3 did not have a significant difference in PCSM risk than men with GS 8 to 10, supporting further study of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging in such men with no or minimal comorbidity before determining ADT duration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)400-405
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Genitourinary Cancer
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Intermediate risk
  • MRI
  • Occult cancer
  • Older age: Prostate cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

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