Adolescents with diabetes from single-parent, blended, and intact families: Health-related and family functioning

Michael Harris, Peggy Greco, Tim Wysocki, Caroline Elder-Danda, Neil H. White

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined family composition as it related to health status, health behaviors, and psychosocial functioning of 119 adolescents with type I diabetes mellitus (DM1). Findings revealed that adolescents with DM1 from intact (INT), single-parent (SP), and blended (BLND) families did not differ on measures of adjustment to diabetes and adherence to treatment. Adolescents and their parent(s) from INT, SP, and BLND families also did not differ on measures of general or issue-specific parent-teen conflict, communication skills deficits, overt conflict, extreme beliefs or functional/structural family problems. Combining INT and BLND family data revealed that adolescents from two-parent (TP) families were in significantly better metabolic control than adolescents from SP families. Because African-Americans adolescents were more likely to reside in SP homes, race was taken into account when analyzing the relation between metabolic control and family composition. Results revealed that African-American adolescents from SP families were in poorer metabolic control than African-American adolescents from TP families, and Caucasian adolescents from both TP and SP families. The findings from this study suggest that family composition is likely to be too broad of an issue in predicting health outcomes for adolescents with diabetes; and instead more specific family factors should be the focus of future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-196
Number of pages16
JournalFamilies, Systems and Health
Volume17
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1999
Externally publishedYes

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Single Parent
Family Health
Single-Parent Family
African Americans
Social Adjustment
Health Behavior
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Health Status
Communication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Adolescents with diabetes from single-parent, blended, and intact families : Health-related and family functioning. / Harris, Michael; Greco, Peggy; Wysocki, Tim; Elder-Danda, Caroline; White, Neil H.

In: Families, Systems and Health, Vol. 17, No. 2, 06.1999, p. 181-196.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harris, Michael ; Greco, Peggy ; Wysocki, Tim ; Elder-Danda, Caroline ; White, Neil H. / Adolescents with diabetes from single-parent, blended, and intact families : Health-related and family functioning. In: Families, Systems and Health. 1999 ; Vol. 17, No. 2. pp. 181-196.
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