Adaptive behaviour and theory of mind in autism

Eric Fombonne, Fran Siddons, Sophie Achard, Uta Frith, Francesca Happé

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales are used to assess the real life competence of adolescents and adults with autism in France. Real life adaptation is compared with performance on social cognitive tasks, involving the attribution of mental states, and with subjects' age and ability. New scales are used to contrast real life behaviours which appear to require the ability to attribute mental states with those behaviours which are possible without this ability. Subjects with autism who passed social cognitive tasks showed higher intellectual ability, as well as being older. In addition, they were better than subjects who failed tasks in terms of those social and maladaptive behaviours involving understanding minds. However, when their verbal ability was taken into account, these specific differences were no longer significant. These results are discussed in relation to a parallel study carried out in England, where essentially the same results were obtained. Both studies suggest that the stereotype of the aloof, socially indifferent autistic child does not reflect the sociability of adolescents and young adults with autism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)176-186
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1994
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Theory of Mind
Aptitude
Psychological Adaptation
Autistic Disorder
England
Mental Competency
France
Young Adult

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Adaptive behaviour and theory of mind in autism. / Fombonne, Eric; Siddons, Fran; Achard, Sophie; Frith, Uta; Happé, Francesca.

In: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, Vol. 3, No. 3, 07.1994, p. 176-186.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fombonne, Eric ; Siddons, Fran ; Achard, Sophie ; Frith, Uta ; Happé, Francesca. / Adaptive behaviour and theory of mind in autism. In: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 1994 ; Vol. 3, No. 3. pp. 176-186.
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