Active microelectronic DNA arrays for genomic and nanofabrication applications

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Microelectronic DNA arrays have been developed for point mutation, single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), short tandem repeats (STRs) and gene expression analysis. In addition to a variety of molecular biology and genomic research applications, such devices will also be used for infectious disease detection, genetic and cancer diagnostics; forensic and genetic identification; on-chip DNA/RNA amplification and pharmacogenomic applications. These microelectronic array devices are able to produce defined electric fields on their surfaces that allows charged molecules and other entities to be transported to or from any test-site or microlocation on the planar surface of the device. These molecules and entities include DNA, RNA, proteins, enzymes, antibodies, cells, nanoparticles, and even micron scale semiconductor devices. Microelectronic arrays have been developed with 25, 100, 400, 1200, 1600, and 10,000 microlocations (test sites) that can range in size from 30 microns, to 80 microns. The microelectronic chip or array device is incorporated into a cartridge package that provides the electronic, optical, and fluidic interfacing. A complete instrument system provides a chip loader, fluorescent reader; and computer interface and data display screen. In addition to the genomic and diagnostic applications, microelectronic array technology may ultimately lead to nanofabrication processes for the controlled manipulation and heterogeneous integration of molecular scale, nanoscale and microscale components.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2nd Annual International IEEE-EMBS Special Topic Conference on Microtechnologies in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings
EditorsDavid Beebe, Andre Dittmar
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages9-12
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)0780374800, 9780780374805
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002
Externally publishedYes
Event2nd Annual International IEEE-EMBS Special Topic Conference on Microtechnologies in Medicine and Biology - Madison, United States
Duration: May 2 2002May 4 2002

Publication series

Name2nd Annual International IEEE-EMBS Special Topic Conference on Microtechnologies in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings

Other

Other2nd Annual International IEEE-EMBS Special Topic Conference on Microtechnologies in Medicine and Biology
CountryUnited States
CityMadison
Period5/2/025/4/02

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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  • Cite this

    Heller, M. M. (2002). Active microelectronic DNA arrays for genomic and nanofabrication applications. In D. Beebe, & A. Dittmar (Eds.), 2nd Annual International IEEE-EMBS Special Topic Conference on Microtechnologies in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings (pp. 9-12). [1002254] (2nd Annual International IEEE-EMBS Special Topic Conference on Microtechnologies in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/MMB.2002.1002254