Activated prothrombin complex concentrate factor VIII inhibitor bypassing activity (FEIBA) for the reversal of warfarin-induced coagulopathy

Cezary Wójcik, Michelle L. Schymik, Eric G. Cure

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a new, fixed, yet individualized dosing regimen of activated prothrombin complex concentrate factor VIII inhibitor bypassing activity (FEIBA) for warfarin reversal in the setting of a life-threatening bleeding in a secondary care center. Methods: In this report we present a retrospective chart review of 72 patients who received FEIBA and 69 patients who received fresh-frozen plasma (FFP) to reverse the effects of warfarin in a setting of a life-threatening bleeding. In the FEIBA cohort, patients received 500 units of FEIBA when the initial INR was <5 or 1,000 units of FEIBA when initial INR was ≥5. Results: FEIBA administration resulted in lower subsequent INR when compared with FFP and shorter time elapsed from drug administration to an INR ≤1.4 when compared with FFP. No significant differences in survival or in the length of hospital stay were observed. A higher FEIBA dose induced a bigger decrease in INR than the lower dose. We observed five adverse events (7%) that could potentially be related to FEIBA administration. Conclusions: The presented dosing regimen results in safe reversal of warfarin-induced coagulopathy, which appears to be faster and more profound than following FFP. Moreover, the use of activated PCC (FEIBA) does not appear to carry an increased risk of thrombotic events when compared to the rate reported for several non-activated PCC preparations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)217-225
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Emergency Medicine
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2009

Keywords

  • Activated prothrombin complex concentrate
  • Coagulopathy
  • Factor VIII inhibitor bypassing activity (FEIBA)
  • Fresh-frozen plasma
  • International normalized ratio
  • Warfarin
  • Warfarin reversal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

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