Action of the methylxanthines on the pituitary and pituitary-dependent hormones.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    9 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    High doses of caffeine produce a stresslike neuroendocrine response in rats. This response is characterized by increased serum corticosterone, beta-endorphin, and decreased serum growth hormone and TSH. There is no effect on prolactin. Curiously, another common stimulant, amphetamine, produces a similar endocrine response in rats. Like caffeine, amphetamine decreases serum TSH [36], increases serum corticosterone [37], and has little effect on serum prolactin [38]. Perhaps amphetamine and caffeine as stimulants activate the same neurotransmitter systems and hence have similar endocrine effects. In man, typically consumed oral doses of caffeine have little or no endocrine effects. A person must consume 500 mg caffeine (equivalent to 5 cups of coffee) in one sitting for there to be any possible endocrine effects. Under these circumstances the endocrine changes that might occur would be limited to slight elevations in plasma ACTH, beta-endorphin, and cortisol.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)355-363
    Number of pages9
    JournalProgress in clinical and biological research
    Volume158
    StatePublished - Dec 1 1984

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Medicine(all)

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Action of the methylxanthines on the pituitary and pituitary-dependent hormones.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this