Acromegaly in the elderly patients

Maria Rosaria Ambrosio, Irene Gagliardi, Sabrina Chiloiro, Ana Gonçalves Ferreira, Marta Bondanelli, Antonella Giampietro, Antonio Bianchi, Laura De Marinis, Maria Fleseriu, Maria Chiara Zatelli

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Acromegaly is a rare disease characterized by a chronic exposition to growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), caused in most cases by a pituitary GH-secreting adenoma. Chronic GH excess induces systemic complications (metabolic, cardiovascular, respiratory, neoplastic, and musculoskeletal) and increased mortality if not appropriately treated. Recent epidemiological data report an improved life span of patients with acromegaly probably due to better acromegaly management; additionally, the number of pituitary incidentaloma in general population also increased over time due to more frequent imaging. Therefore, the number of elderly patients, newly diagnosed with acromegaly or in follow-up, is expected to grow in the coming years and clinicians will need to be aware of particularities in managing these patients. Purpose: This review aims to explore different aspects of acromegaly of the elderly patients, focusing on epidemiology, diagnosis, clinical presentation, complications, and management options. Methods: Available literature has been assessed through PubMed (data until August 2019) by specific keywords. Conclusions: Available data on acromegaly in the elderly patient are sparse, but point to important differences. Further studies are needed comparing elderly with younger patients with acromegaly to better define a tailored diagnostic and therapeutic management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16-31
Number of pages16
JournalEndocrine
Volume68
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020

Keywords

  • Acromegaly
  • Comorbidities
  • Diagnosis
  • Elderly
  • Epidemiology
  • Management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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