Study Design. Utility of using computed tomography to predict pedicle screw misplacement. Objective. This study defines the sensitivity and specificity of predicting pedicle screw placement by experienced clinicians using a CT scan image. Summary of Background Data. In clinical and research settings, the method most commonly used to evaluate pedicle screws placement has been computed tomography. However, no current literature describes the accuracy of this method of evaluating screw placement. Method. Cobalt-chrome and titanium alloy pedicle screws of identical size were placed in six cadaveric human lumbar spine. Wide laminectomy was performed to allow complete visualization of the pedicles. Three consecutive lumbar levels were instrumented in each spine, giving 36 pedicle screw placements to identify. The instrumented spines were imaged, and four orthopaedic spine surgeons and a musculoskeletal radiologists were asked to read the images to identify the accuracy of screw placement within the pedicles. Results. The sensitivity rate of identifying a misplaced screw was 67 ± 6% for cobalt-chrome screws compared with 86 ± 5% for titanium screws (P < 0.005). The specificity rates of radiographic diagnosis of misplaced pedicle screws were 66± 10% for cobalt-chrome screws and 88 ± 8% for titanium screws (P < 0.005). Similarly, a statistically significant difference was found in the sensitivity rates of identifying screws placed correctly in the pedicle: 70 ± 10% for cobalt- chrome screws versus 89 ± 8% for titanium screws (P < 0.005). Overall accuracy rates were 68 ± 7% for cobalt chrome screws versus 87 ± 3% for titanium screws (P < 0.002). Conclusion. Reliance on the computed tomography scan data alone in determining accuracy of pedicle screws can lead to inaccuracies in both clinical and research conditions.
- Computed tomography scan
- Pedicle screw
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Clinical Neurology