A randomized study to assess the impact of pharmacist counseling of employer-based health plan beneficiaries with diabetes: The EMPOWER study

Dale F. Kraemer, Wayne A. Kradjan, Theresa M. Bianco, Judi A. Low

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To assess the impact of pharmacist counseling on empowering people with diabetes to better self-care. Introduction: Community-based pharmacists can play a key role in educating and empowering people in such programs. Methods: A randomized trial compared the effects of pharmacist counseling (intervention group) with printed materials (control group) in diabetic beneficiaries of several employer-based health care plans. All participants also received waiver of out-of-pocket expenses for diabetic-related medications and supplies. Clinical, humanistic, and claim outcomes were evaluated at baseline and at 1 year follow-up. Results: Sixty-seven beneficiaries participated in this study. The 0.50% decrease from baseline in glycosylated hemoglobin (A1c) was statistically significant (P =.0008) in the intervention group and the difference between the groups approached statistical significance (P =.076). Beneficiaries in both groups had greater claim costs for diabetic-related medications and supplies during the study year. Both groups also improved in ability to manage their diabetes with the counseling group showing a significantly better understanding of diabetes (P =.0024). Conclusion: There was a trend toward improvement in A1c in patients counseled by pharmacist with an increased utilization of diabetes-related medications and supplies. Counseling also improved diabetes knowledge and empowered patients to better diabetes management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-179
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Pharmacy Practice
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2012

Keywords

  • adult
  • community pharmacy services
  • diabetes mellitus
  • outcome assessment (health care)
  • patient education
  • randomized trial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

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