A prospective survey study of lower urinary tract dysfunction in childhood cancer survivors after vincristine and/or doxorubicin chemotherapy

Sarah L. Hecht, Alan Quach, Dexiang Gao, Andrew Brazell, Gemma Beltran, Sheryl Holbrook, Lia Gore, Nao Iguchi, Anna Malykhina, Duncan Wilcox, Nicholas G. Cost

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Two chemotherapeutic agents used widely in pediatric oncology are vincristine (VCR) and doxorubicin (DOX), which may cause neuropathy and myopathy, respectively. The study hypothesis is that neurotoxic effects of VCR and/or myotoxic effects of DOX affect bladder physiology and manifest clinically as lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD). Procedure: Based on a priori power analysis, 161 children divided evenly by gender were recruited. Children aged 5–10 years completed the dysfunctional voiding scoring system (DVSS) survey. The study cohort comprised cancer survivors treated with VCR and/or DOX. Healthy controls were recruited from well-child clinic visits. Exclusion criteria included pelvic-based malignancy, pelvic irradiation, pre-existing LUTD, neurologic abnormalities, and treatment with cyclophosphamide/ifosfamide. DVSS scores and presence of LUTD, defined as DVSS scores above gender-specific thresholds (males ≥9, females ≥6), were compared across cohorts. Results: Median DVSS scores were higher in the study cohort (6 vs. 4, p =.003). Moreover, children in the study cohort were more likely to exceed threshold scores for LUTD (38.8% vs. 21%, p =.014; OR 1.8). Subanalysis by gender revealed female cancer survivors are more likely to report LUTD than controls (57.5% vs. 30%, p =.013, OR 1.9). This did not hold true for males (20% vs. 12.2%, p =.339). Conclusions: Childhood cancer survivors who received VCR and/or DOX reported higher rates of LUTD than controls. Female cancer survivors appear more likely to suffer from LUTD than males. Further study with a positive control cohort of cancer survivors who received non-VCR, non-DOX chemotherapy is underway to elucidate the contribution of a cancer diagnosis to LUTD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere29226
JournalPediatric Blood and Cancer
Volume68
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • DVSS
  • chemotherapy
  • lower urinary tract dysfunction
  • survivorship
  • urology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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