A phase II trial of VP-16, ifosfamide, cisplatin, vinblastine, and bleomycin in advanced germ-cell tumors

Charles Blanke, Patrick J. Loehrer, Craig R. Nichols, Lawrence H. Einhorn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Purpose: A Phase II study to evaluate the effect of a five-drug regimen, VP-16, ifosfamide, cisplatin, vinblastine, and bleomycin (VIP/VB) on complete response rate, continuous disease-free survival, and toxicity in patients with advanced germ-cell tumor. Patients and methods: Twenty male patients with a histologic diagnosis of advanced-stage germ-cell cancer, previously untreated with chemotherapy, received the following: etoposide 75 mg/m2 i.v. days 1-5; ifosfamide (with mesna uroprotection) 1.2 g/m2 i.v. days 1-5; cisplatin 20 mg/m2 i.v. days 1-5; vinblastine 0.18 mg/kg i.v. day 1; bleomycin 30 units i.v. day 1; filgrastim 5 μg/kg days 7-16. Chemotherapy was given every 3 weeks (bleomycin weekly x 12) for four courses. Results: All patients entered were evaluable for toxicity, response, and survival. Eleven of 20 (55%) achieved complete remissions with chemotherapy alone and an additional 5 (25%) were rendered disease-free with surgical resection of teratoma (3) or viable cancer (2). Two patients relapsed at 4 and 5 months from complete remission (CR). There was one treatment-related death, from bleomycin lung toxicity after thoracotomy. Thirteen patients (65%) are alive and continuously free of disease, with a median follow-up of 20 months and a minimal follow-up of 12 months. Hematologic toxicity was most common, with 16 patients (80%) having grade 3 or 4 leukopenia. Conclusion: VIP/VB appears to be a very active regimen in advanced disseminated germ-cell cancer. Hematological toxicity was severe but manageable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)487-491
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1996


  • Bleomycin
  • Cisplatin
  • Germ-cell tumor
  • Ifosfamide
  • VP-16
  • Vinblastine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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