A field study of frame-of-reference effects on personality test validity

John M. Hunthausen, Donald M. Truxillo, Talya N. Bauer, Leslie B. Hammer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

105 Scopus citations


As part of a test validation study at a major U.S.-based airline, the authors tested the effects of providing an "at work" frame-of-reference on the validity of the NEO Five-Factor Inventory among a sample of customer service supervisors (N = 206). Frame-of-reference moderated the validity of the Extraversion and Openness to Experience subscales after controlling for cognitive ability. In addition, the frame-of-reference personality test showed incremental validity over cognitive ability (ΔR2 = .16), but the standard personality test did not (ΔR2 = .05). The authors' discussion focuses on implications for personality theory and research and on implications for increasing the validity of personality tests in organizational settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)545-551
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology


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