Oxidative stress, resulting either from excess generation or reduced scavenging of free radicals, has been proposed to play a role in damaging striatal neurons in Parkinson's disease. Since metallothionein is able to regulate the intracellular fedex potential, we have undertaken a group of experiments to learn whether or not 6-hydroxydopamine, which generates free radicals and is toxic to dopaminergic neurons, could alter the levels of zinc and metallothionein in the brain. The lesioning of the rat striatum with 6- hydroxydopamine (8.0μg in 4 μl 0.02% ascorbic acid) resulted in a reduction in the levels of zinc and metallothionein in the striatum but not other brain regions tested. However, the intracerebroventricular administration of 6- hydroxydopamine, in a dosage regimen that does not lesion catecholaminergic pathways but causes oxidative stress, enhanced dramatically the level of metallothionein I mRNA in some brain areas such as hippocampus, arcuate nucleus, choroid plexus, and granular layer of cerebellum, but not in the caudate putamen. The results of these studies are interpreted to suggest that zinc or metallothionein are altered in conditions where oxidative stress has taken place. Moreover, it is proposed that areas of brain, such as striatum containing high concentrations of iron, but low levels of inducible metallothionein are particularly vulnerable to oxidative stress.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|State||Published - Oct 7 1996|
- Free Radicals
- Oxidative Stress
ASJC Scopus subject areas